"We will be in the church on Sunday."
Translation:Bidh sinn anns an eaglais Didòmhnaich.
It is certainly related but Irish and Gaelic are sister languages so I don't think we can say it comes from the Irish. Old Irish maybe, especially as that has the ch not a gh.
The problem with your suggestion is that there is no explanation for the ch/gh. eDIL says it is día domnich and that the domnich is a genitive, so it is 'day of domnach'. Domnach is in the dictionary meaning 'Sunday', but that would mean that Día Domnich meant '*Day of Sunday' which does not make sense.
More plausible to me is that domnich is from Latin dominica, the adjectival form of dominus, as MacBain suggests
Domhnach, Sunday, so Ir., E. Ir. domnach ; from Lat. dominica, " the Lord's."
hence 'of/pertaining to the lord'. From this, día domnich would be dies dominica 'the day of the Lord', 'Sunday'. Now since domnich looks like a genitive with the i in it, and some other days are genuine genitives with i in, such as día lúain, it is easy to see how domnach could be backformed from that, since it looks like the word that domnich would be the genitive of.
Yes. The dental sound (sound made with the tongue against the teeth) has always been part of this word. It comes from
Hebrew שַׁבָּת (shabát)
(Modern Israeli Hebrew) [ʃaˈbat]
(Ashkenazi Hebrew) /ʃaˈbɔs/, /ˈʃabɔs/
(Yemenite Hebrew) /ʃæbˈbɔːθ/
The reason for the th in English is a bit obscure but it is the traditional transcription of the Hebrew. It appears from the Wiktionary entry on ת that it is thought (as in not known for certain) that it was a /θ/ 'th' sound in Classical Hebrew.
I had not spotted that. You may well be right. Whilst with some words there is some doubt that the modern word comes from the high-register Old Irish that we have recorded, there is little doubt that this explicitly Christian term would come from the sort of Old Irish we have recorded.
Sunday, the Lord's day , [on its own] or with dia, laithe
but most of the examples in that entry are 'on their own'. It comes from domenicus, the Latin for 'Lord', so logically the di would be needed.
Several of the other days of the week also break the spelling rule, such as
Diluain - Monday
Dimàirt - Tuesday
Disathairne - Saturday
Dihaoine - Friday is a bit odd as h is not a normal letter in Gaelic, so maybe it's short for Di na h-aoine 'Day of the fast'.
But there is another possible reason or part-reason: the clue is in the quote from eDIL. The old spelling of di was dia. This is the Latin for 'day', which is presumably the origin of the Irish/Gaelic word. If this were the original spelling, then there would be no problem with the spelling rule.
Actually, those days you mention there are Roman in origin. Pre-Christian, shall we say. They have evolved in many romanic languages the +/- same. Lundi/Lunes: day of the moon (luna) Mardi/Martes: day of Mars (Marte) Mercredi/Miércoles: day of Mercury (Mercurio) Jeudi/ Jueves: day of Jupiter Vendredi/Viernes: day of Venus
Sábado sounds more like derived from Sabbath, but it is also referred to as the day of Saturn (Saturday is more similar here)
Interesting, really enjoy etymology and seeing how words evolve in different languages.
I am seeing some words on this course quite similar to the Spanish equivalent, for instance.
I agree, but you write as if you are contradicting me although I cannot see the contradiction. I assume the terminology used in the Romance languages and in Gaelic for some days was the system used by Latin-speaking monks, so (I am hypothesising) they used the Latin term dia even if attached to the Roman god name.
It is debatable whether you SHOULD assume emphasis when there is none shown and I do not know what their policy is. However, there is an additional problem that I would say is overriding, and that is that if I wanted to emphasise the WE I would move the sinn to the front as well as adding the emphatic suffix
Is sinne a bhios anns an eaglais Didòmhnaich.
It would be less usual to use one form of emphasis without the other. I don't know if this has been covered at this stage in the course.