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What's the difference between 'Volo' and 'Velim'?

I realise that one is indicative and the other subjunctive, but I'm confused as to what those actually mean in practice, especially with a verb like 'want'. Either seems to get accepted in every context I've tried with Duolingo. Can anyone provide examples of when you might use one instead of the other?

February 18, 2020



I might be wrong but the way I understood it velim is "I would like" while volo is "i want".


C'est cela. Velim est le subjonctif présent de velle, ici traduit en français par un conditionnel je voudrais (i would like)


But this is rationalizing backwards, from French.

If you study the entries under the verb volo, velle, volui in a complete dictionary (like the Oxford Latin Dictionary), you'll see that "I want" (volo) is the verbal mood that governs food items and other direct objects. The subjunctive velim tends to govern entire subordinate clauses (Velim [ut] huc venias, "I would like for you to come here").

There's also the whole "present subjunctive in conditional sentences looking to the future," as in Crustula velim, si mihi ea offeras, "I would like cookies, if you should offer them to me".


volo = i want velim = i would like this is what I have understood, but I am only a student like you


Volo goes with infinitives - as in “I want to buy “


And, if you need "I want" to be in the subjunctive mood, then velim can govern infinitives, too ("If I should want to buy": si emere velim , ...).

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