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In German wearing and possessing are not necessarily the same thing, just like having and eating aren't. It just means that multiple people have one jacket, which could mean, say, a dry-cleaning service having one jacket.
Don't overthink the sentences right now, just translate.
When I hover over Jacke it gives the definition of 3 things. Jacket, coat and cardigan. In English a jacket and a coat are different. One is light for cool weather and one is heavy for cold weather and a cardigan is a sweater. Does this word in German really mean all 3 different things? I learned earlier that Mantel is coat.
I would say, at least colloquially, they are used exactly like that. The word "Mantel" isn't used that much (at least here in the South, not sure if it is a regional thing). I've heard several times an older person referring to their cardigan as "Jacke" and my rain coat is to me a "Regenjacke", not a "Regenmantel".