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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KathleenHa425443

Lenition in Scottish Gaelic

How do I know which nouns are masculine or feminine

March 11, 2020

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Morag_Kerr

I got this from Gaelic With Jason. He says there are a lot of exceptions and nothing beats looking the noun up in a dictionary and finding out for sure, but if you want to guess there are some hints.

Masculine: male things (like tarbh), and word endings -ach, -adh, -an, -as, -ir, -iche, and last vowel broad. Video here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54bgc2nibF8

Feminine: female things (like bò), and word endings -ag, -achd, -id, and last vowel slender. Video here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yqOxGKdVD9s

Then of course boireannach is masculine, so who can say?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tj4234

There's no hard rule, but generally nouns with slendar endings are feminine


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ernavill

This is a common problem when learning any language with gender distinctions. When learning French and German this is very difficult, as articles in front of a noun vary depending on the gender of a word.

German: Der Mann, die Frau, das Kind (yes German grammar has 3 genders!). French: le garçon, la famme.

While people often try to find shortcuts to figure out which is which, there is unfortunately never a rule that holds up across the entire language. The only way to learn is through exposure and repetition.

Don't worry too much about getting the gender of the word wrong when you start off (there's probably plenty of other things you do that also show you are a beginner). Just keep practicing and trying until you get it right. Explicitly studying for each individual word whether its masculine or feminine is a waste of brain space if you ask me. Just take note of the mistakes you make and eventually you'll subconsciously learn which words are masculine and which are feminine. It works for babies and children so it should work for us as well, it'll probably only take a bit longer.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KathleenHa425443

Tapadh leat!! I will stop fretting about it.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AJFJdb

There isn't an easy way, but if you don't mind a little reading, Akerbeltz has a few pages in Beagan Gràmair that might help.

http://www.akerbeltz.org/index.php?title=Beagan_gr%C3%A0mair

One is called "How to gender a noun"

http://akerbeltz.org/index.php?title=How_to_gender_a_noun

The other two are separate pages for Masculine and Feminine Nouns:

http://www.akerbeltz.org/index.php?title=Masculine_nouns

http://www.akerbeltz.org/index.php?title=Feminine_nouns

There is also a page on lenition (for your subject line) here

http://www.akerbeltz.org/index.php?title=Lenition_and_why_that_is_your_mother%27s_fault

Good luck!

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