"The cook has cheese on the plate."
Translation:Il cuoco ha il formaggio nel piatto.
In English version, there isn't any "the" before the cheese but in Italian version formaggio takes "il". Shouldn't "Il cuoco ha formaggio nel piatto" be the correct sentence?
La cuoca is the cook, not Il cuoco. I put il before the piatto and had it wrong (la cuoca ha formaggio nel il piatto), because I guess nel translates to 'in the'. I think it is OK to say il formaggio or just 'formaggio'. La cuoca ha il formaggio nel piatto or la cuoca ha formaggio nel piatto
La cuoca is specifically a female cook; not all cooks are female.
Yes but in this case you would have to use "la cuoca" since the sentence read "the cook" not "a cook"
Depends on what follows. Nello comes before masculine nouns that being with z or s + consonant, nel comes before other masculine nouns that begin with a consonant.
- Nello zucchero (in the sugar)
- Nello zaino (in the backpack)
- Nello scarico (in the drain)
- Nello specchio (in the mirror)
- Nel mondo (in the world)
- Nel documento (in the document)
Grazie!!!!! That grammatical rule has been driving me insane. Every time I thought I had it figured out, I was wrong!
Actually lo (and thus, nello, allo, dello, etc...) is used before seven prefixes (when the word is masculine):
- s+ consonants, eg. lo specchio (the mirror)
- gn , eg. lo gnomo (the gnome)
- pn, eg. lo pneumatico (the tyre)
- ps, eg. lo psicologo (the psychologist)
- x, eg. lo xilofono (the xylophone)
- y, eg. lo yogurt (the yogurt) -z, eg. lo zaino (the backpack)
This is incredibly helpful but I have one question. You said that nello is before z or s + consonant but zucchero is z + vowel. Is this an exception to a rule or is nello used before any word that starts with an s or z?
I believe monica meant that nello is used in two separate situations, either: 1. Before words beginning with Z; 2. Before words beginning with S + a consonant.
Hope that clears things up
Wouldn't it technically be "sul" and not "nel"... Nel implies that is in "in" the plate where sul indicates that it is "on" the plate. Am I wrong?
Nobody's going to mistakenly think that "nel piatto" means something is physically inside of a plate, so either should be fine here (with Duo preferring in over su).
I wrote "il cuoco ha formaggio nel il piatto" And it told me the answer should have been "il cuoco ha il formaggio nel piatto" i sei now that the il wasn't necessary before the nel but why it "il formaggio" correct? It doesn't say the cheese. Just cheese. Is it just a typo or am I missing something?
Any reason it cant be di formaggio as in some cheese? (going off the french system)
Using partitives (just like in French!) is totally okay :) Here, you would use del = di + il because formaggio is masculine.
Why is it correcting the gender of my cook when there's nothing to suggest gender in the English phrase being translated? Surely either gender is correct?
Nel = in the
Nel il = in the the
In + il = nel
In + la = nella
In + lo = nello
In + l' = nell'
In + le = nelle
In + gli = negli
Nel already includes il. (If I remember correctly in+el=nel) so the english equivalent would be saying 'in the the'
I've read all the comments but I still don't understand why "nel: in the" and "sul: on the" are both acceptable when the english words are 'on the plate'.
Because Italian and English don't use prepositions in the same way. "Nel piatto" is perfectly acceptable in Italian because in can just be used that way.
Ho is not the masculine version of ha. Ho means "I have", while ha means "he/she has".
AVERE (To have)
- Io ho
- Tu hai
- Lui/lei ha
- Noi abbiamo
- Voi avete
- Loro hanno
Nel (in the) and sul (on the) both work... but al piatto is actually a cooking method :)
I got a comment saying that it should be sopra il piato when I used nelle. I understand from the comments here it should be nel, but not a whole different word! The word sopra hasn't even been introduced yet! How are we supposed to know?
In English there is no gender when writing the cook, how would I know is feminine when writing in Italian?
I've written correct and it also showed me the right answer that i wrote. Whats wrong?