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Subjunctive Advice for Spanish

Here is something I learned in school for Spanish, it is called UWEIRDO. And TRUST ME it works :) I apologize for missing accents, I cannot type them. You know where they go ;)

U=Uncertainty/Unknown: If you don't know what you are talking about, such as an "it" or you are asking a question about a person that may or may not exist, use subjunctive. You will most likely use the verb "buscar" such as "We are looking for actors that are good," translating to "Buscamos actores que sean buenos."

W=Wishes/Wants (hope): Anytime you use "desear," "querer," or another similar verb you must always use subjunctive.

E=Emotion: With emotion, you will most always be using "estar." When saying "Estoy triste que..." you must use subjunctive on the second subject such as "ella" or a name of someone.

I=Impersonal Expression: Impersonal expressions are derived from opinion, and start with "ser." These include "Es importante que," "Es necesario que," "Es mejor que," "Es bueno/malo que," and so on. They typically display someones judgement or advice.

R=Requests/Recommendations: Use the subjunctive after verbs of influence, such as "recomendar," "sugerir"(to suggest) and "aconsejar"(to advise).

D=Doubt/Disbelief: Always use subjunctive when showing doubt or disbelief. For example "Dudo que el examen vaya a ser dificil," meaning "I doubt that the test will be difficult," must have subjunctive because that statement may or may not be true, that is unknown so far. This step of UWEIRDO can sometimes become difficult because a sentence showing certaintly like "Es cierto que..." may be mistaken. It DOES NOT need subjunctive because it is definitely true. Don't forget that!

And lastly,

O=Ojala (accent on the last a): Ojala is a way to express hope in Spanish. It replaces "Yo deseo," and NEVER EVER EVER has a pronoun in front of it. It would appear as "Ojala que tengamos un examen facil." Just as in this sentence, Ojala is most always used with the "yo" pronoun. If this is uncomfortable for you, then do not use Ojala and go with the trusty "desear" or "querer" with the appropriate pronoun.

If you have any more questions on Subjunctive, like it's tenses, just comment or discuss with me. Even if it has nothing to do with Subjunctive, I can help out. I've proudly taken 5 years of Spanish and I use Duolingo to keep it fresh. I'd love to help out people that may not be so experienced.

4 years ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ych0130517

The advice will help me a lot in learning Spanish! Take my lingots!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vwlj
vwlj
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This one's a keeper! Many thanks.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/dole.b

Of course, I kept thinking about it and realized how much easier subjunctive is with it! So I had to spread it around!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Elgatobandido
Elgatobandido
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I've heard of the WIERDO before, but not UWIERDO, but it makes sense since I've read uncertainty makes it subjunctive.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/E.T.s_Son
E.T.s_Son
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This is very helpful. Gracias

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CaptainKhan

Thanks a lot!! This is way helpful for spanish learners.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rmcgwn

Can you talk about the use of que & si which seem to always come before the subjunctive clause?

I find it tough when we have a conditional and a subjunctive clause in the same sentence. Quite frankly I have to reread these a few times to be sure I know which is which. Eg. If I was rich I would own many cars & houses (simplest one I saw in Duo). Can we say that the first part is the wish therefore the verb must be subjunctive and the later depends upon the first clause so the verb must be conditional? Hope this makes sense. Until a week ago I had never used either.

For myself I think that now I have to review both clauses, identify the subjunctive & then try to remember the conjugation. It just seems very complex right now. Thanks

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/dole.b

Here is an easy way of remembering where to put "que," which is always used with subjunctive(UWEIRDO):

S1(subject 1) + V1(verb 1) + que + S2 + V2

Verb 1 will be in the indicative, meaning normal conjugation, and V2 will be the subjunctive verb.

For si clauses, the sentence will either be likely or unlikely to happen. If likely, then simple present tense conjugation is used. If unlikely, conditional tense is used on the first verb and the imperfect subjunctive tense will be used on the second verb. Ex(likely): If she comes tomorrow (may actually come), we will go to the movies. Si ella viene manana, iremos al cine. Ex(unlikely): If I had money(I don't), I would go with you. Si tuviera dinero, iria contigo.

I apologize for no accents, and also, "que" in this situation translates to "that" and is not always fully translated into English.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sigmacharding
sigmacharding
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Best subjunctive use post I have yet seen. I will point the people to this discussion every time that question arises. Muchas gracias :)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/its_rhys23_
its_rhys23_
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Please take my lingots! Just one quick question, can 'Ojalá' be used in the past tense or can it be conjugated at all for that matter?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/dole.b

Ojalá is never conjugated. It is fixed in its form. But you can insinuate tense through your sentence and context clues

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/its_rhys23_
its_rhys23_
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Thanks so much, I used this in my exam and hopefully getting an A* !!! :D

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mohamadalkady
mohamadalkady
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great

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/conor.raff
conor.raff
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Thanks Uweirdo! jjjj. Where in your scheme would you put this one that I just came across..."Acababa de abandonar la facultad de derecho ..., dedicados más que nada a leer lo que me cayera en las manos..." (from Gabo´s biografía).

I´m guessing its a U, as the translation in English would be something like "..dedicated, more than anything, to read whatever might fall into my hands..."

So, something might fall, and nothing might fall : we don´t know = U

Oh, and I was wondering, why isn´t it a conditional, eg. "..a leer lo que me caería en las manos..."? Maybe its because there is no real condition, no "if"?? Or maybe it could have been written as a conditional as well, and it was just a style call by Gabo...

1 year ago