como se cuales palabras necesitan acentos?

August 5, 2012


Normally you just have to memorize them. But I find it easier to do if you remember why words have accents. There are usually 2 uses for accents: to tell where words are stressed (for example jabon [accent on the o] is stressed on the syllable BON) and to differentiate between two words (se w/o an accent is the 3rd person relflexive pronoun, while se with an accent means "i know"). The rule for all spanish words that don't have an accent is that if the word ends in a vowel, n, or s (think of it as the NOSE rule) the stress is on the second to last (penultimate) syllable. Examples- CHIcas, MEsa, traBAjan, preSENte. If they don't end in a vowel, n, or s, the stress is on the last syllable. For example: jugaDOR, ciuDAD, capiTAL. So the way I memorize words with accents is to say the word in my head (or out loud), really overexaggerating the stressed syllable.

En el español existen las palabras "graves, agudas, esdrújulas y sobresdrújulas"

Las palabras "agudas" son las que tienen la sílaba tónica en el último lugar (se acentúan en la última sílaba). Llevan tilde si terminan en "vocal", "n", o "s".

Ejemplos: avión, café, mamá, tiburón, anís, amor, papel, jardín, reloj, París. Pero hay algunas excepciones, como por ejemplo: maíz, baúl, Raúl, raíz.

Las palabras "graves" son las que se acentúan en la anteúltima sílaba. Solo llevan tilde cuando no terminan con "n", "s", o "vocal". Ejemplos: lápiz, árbol, grave, cárcel, sapo, cortina.

Las palabras "esdrújulas" son aquellas que se acentúan en la antepenúltima sílaba. Estas palabras SIEMPRE llevan tilde.

Ejemplos: pájaro, mamífero, música, matemática, psicólogo, esdrújulas.

Las palabras "sobresdrújulas" son aquellas en las que la sílaba tónica está en la sílaba anterior a la antepenúltima sílaba. Estas, al igual que las esdrújulas siempre llevan tilde.

Ejemplos: dígamelo, pásamelo, juégatela.


hmm, you can kind of tell if the word is accented differently than Spanish normally would be - azucAr, which would otherwise be pronounced aZUcar. The wonderful thing about spanish is that if you can spell it you can pronounce it and vise versa. Otherwise, I suppose you just have to memorize it.

Usually it's easiest to just memorize which words have accents, but there are phonetic rules as to when they occur. It can help to know the rules so that you can still figure out if a word needs an accent mark when you don't remember or don't have the word memorized. Words without accents are pronounced as you would expect them to be, according to the rules. Words with accents are ones that don't follow the rules. Accents sometimes also indicate a difference between words that have different meanings but would otherwise be identical... for example tú=you but tu=your. This website explains in more detail:

First you've got to identify the strong syllable. If the strong syllable is the last one it is accented if it ends in N, S or a vowel ( e.g.chocó). If the strong syllable is the penultimate it is accented if it DOESN'T end in N, S or vowel (e.g. árbol). Exception: In the word "biología" (and many others like this one) is used to break the diphthong "ia". Any other strong syllable that comes before is accentuated regardless of its ending letter. (e.g. ridículo, rápidamente). Monosyllabic accentuation cases are studied by memory. You'll find natives that go through all their lives never having learned to accentuate monosyllables properly.

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