There was a time when the speaker thing woman pronounced 'sind' as 'zent', another time it was what i was familiar with which is 'zin(d)t'. Are they both correct and is there a reason to pronounce it either way at times? (maybe the speaker microphone thing just confuses sometimes i don't know...)
Second question: When you use 'Die Jungen = The boys' in German, does it ever get used the same way as 'The boys' is used in English, meaning it can relate to any group of males no matter what age they are. Like when Iggy pop in 'Dum dum boys' calls his old friends boys. Or when a old guy in a gold club says: "The boys are on their way". Does it get used this way, 'Jungen', in German?
I would appreciate if someone got the answer/answers.
The answer to your first question is probably its an erroneous phonetic reproduction of"sind." In my knowledge the isn't any word like "zindt" or "zent."
About "boys", yes in German too of course people use it in same context as English. Although, "Jungen" is hardly ever used and is replaced by "Jungs." So you can walk into a party and go like "Hallo Jungs!"
Because "die Jungen" is plural (singular it would be "der Junge") which means the following verb is 3. person plural. The 3. person plural of the verb "to be (sein)" is "sind".
DER Junge IST ein Kind - the boy is a child
DIE JungeN SIND Kinder - the boys are children
But then why don't we use--Die Jungen seid Kinder? After all, even seid means "are"!
Komeo's answer is up the right alley but I will add this explanation because I think I had the exact same question as you:
I believe seid is used in "ihr seid", translating to "you are" or "you all are" (ya'll are/ you guys are) in English.
So in, Die Jungen < sein > kinder because you are not referring to the boys directly (you're not talking to them) it would be more natural to say "they are" than "you are".
In German the conjugation of <sein> for "they are" is "sie sind". It just happens to be the same as the one used for "we are" : "wir sind".
Thus you use "sind" to make the sentence essentially say
~The boys, they are children.
~The boys, you all are children (seid)
~The boys, you are children (bist - which makes even less sense because it is referring to a group, not an individual)
The 'kinder' chocolate bar is often bought for children. The German word 'Kinder' means 'children' in English... Hope this helps :)
Why is "Die" used for Jungen and not Der? One would think that since it refers to "boys" it would have the article "der" not "die". I'm a little confused on that part.
To add to the last reply. A lot of time "n" or "en" is added for multiple people and often turns the word neuter. Im not 100% sure about this but its how ive come to understand it.
So I translated the boys are children into english but instead of typing children I typed kids so it read it as incorrect. Did anyone else have this problem or was it just me?
If you were supposed to translate "boys", why would you use kids or children? Those two relate to both genders, so I can see why it read as incorrect.
Sorry if this has been answered before but when do you use '-en' and when you do use '-er' when suggesting plural? e.g. here we have 'Jung-en' meaning boys and 'Kind-er' meaning children
A quick question: Can "Junge" also mean "cub", like a bear or lion cub? Or is there a different word for that?
Yes, das Junge can be a baby animal. Note that it's a different gender from der Junge "the boy".
Does the German language not have any use for "J". Everytime i hear Junge its sounds like unge.
The German "J" is pronounced like a "y" in English. You should be hearing yunge
Why do we use 'the' in front of boys?? Because of 'the' it sounds untrue. I think " Boys are children" is correct
Because we arent talking about all boys we are talking about specific boys. Which brings "the" with it. "The boys" as in the ones over there or the ones we were talking about previously.
Jungen is masculine right? so why does it use the feminine word Die for a maculine noun
die is used not only with feminine nouns but also with all plural nouns regardless of gender.
It's used with wir (we), sie (they), Sie (formal you), and with plural nouns.
But not with ihr (informal plural you).
Why don't we use Der before the word Jungen? Die is meant for a female nouns right?
die is used for all nouns in the plural regardless of gender (in the nominative and accusative cases).
Junge is boy. But jung also means young. Is there a time when Junge could be both boy and girl?
Theoretically, die Jungen could mean "the young ones", but in practice, those would be called die Jüngeren (the younger ones) or die Kleinen (the little ones), and so die Jungen essentially always means "the boys".
I typed the correct answer but the computer inserted a comma making my translation wrong!
Kinder means both kid and children
That is not correct.
kid is singular (one kid) and children is plural (many children).
One kid, two kids -- one child, two children.
"many kid" is wrong.
The German word Kinder means children, i.e. more than one.
my answer is wrong
Nobody can see your answer.
If you have a question about something, please, always copy and paste the entire sentence that you wrote. (Not just the part that you think the system complained about -- if there was an error, the error might have been in some other word or in the word order.)
But if you wrote "The boys are kid", that would be rejected because "kid" is singular and not plural.
Another question sind and seid is are right so why can't i use em both on female and male ?
sind and seid is are right
They are not interchangeable.
sind is used when the subject is wir (we) or sie (they).
seid is used when the subject is ihr (you -- informal plural).
You cannot say wir *seid Männer or ihr *sind Männer, for example.
die Jungen (the boys) needs the same verb as sie (they). So it must be die Jungen sind Kinder.
Please go over the lesson notes which are available when you visit www.duolingo.com on a computer. These explain when to use sein and sind and many other aspects of German grammar.
No. It's not a singular/plural distinction. Instead, you have to choose the proper verb form depending on the subject -- I / you (one person) / he, she, it / we / you (several people) / they. A six-way distinction, not two-way (singular/plural).
Even in English, verb form is not a singular/plural thing -- what's the singular form of "are"? Is it "is" -- can you say "I is"? No; it has to be "I am." So can you say "He am"? No; it has to be "He is". Clearly, there is no one "singular form", but you have to choose the right form for the subject.
So also in German.
ihr seid is plural (second person plural: you, several people)
wir sind is also plural (first person plural: we).
sie sind is also plural (third person plural: they)
You choose seid not because "it's plural" but because the subject is ihr.
die is also used in the plural, for nouns of all genders.
- der Apfel - die Äpfel (masculine: the apple - the apples)
- die Gabel - die Gabeln (feminine: the fork - the forks)
- das Pferd - die Pferde (neuter: the horse - the horses)
die is the definite article for feminine nouns in the singular (when there is just one of them), but it is also the article used for all nouns in the plural, regardless of gender.
German doesn't distinguish gender in the plural at all, so you have, for example, der Mann, die Männer (masculine), die Frau, die Frauen (feminine), and das Kind, die KInder (neuter).
bist is used when the subject is du (you, when speaking to one person).
sind is used when the subject is wir (we) or sie (they) -- or a plural noun, e.g. die Frauen sind "the women are".
- ich bin (I am)
- du bist (you are - one person)
- er ist, sie ist, es ist (he/she/it is)
- wir sind (we are)
- ihr seid (you are - more than one person)
- sie sind (they are)
There are no gender distinctions in the plural in German.
das is neuter singular.
die is plural (any gender): der Mann, die Männer; die Frau, die Frauen; das Kind, die Kinder.
Why do you use die and not der? Isn't der masculine? And die is feminine?
Words can have multiple meanings depending on what they're doing in a sentence. The article die is also used for plurals.
Why is it wrong if I translate "Die Jungen sind Kinder" to "Boys (in general) are children? Instead of "The Boys..."
You wrote it yourself -- "boys (in general)" does not mean the same thing as "the boys". That's why it's not correct to translate it that way.
Boys are children = Jungen sind Kinder. (boys in general)
The boys are children. = Die Jungen sind Kinder. (the boys we had been talking about)
So it can't be more general than that, to use THE BOYS should be a more specific group of them...
I thought that Die was for feminine shouldn't die be replaced with der? for Der Jungen?
die is used for feminine nouns, but also for all plural nouns regardless of gender.
(This is called "syncretism", where due to historical changes, the same word form is used for different functions, as here for die being used for bother feminine and plural nouns.)
There's some sort of glitch with this sentence i literally wrote the answer and i got it wrong.
Can you be more specific please? What exactly did you type?
(i.e. not "the answer" or "what it says up there", but please re-type here the words that you used.)
Also, check to make sure it wasn't a "type what you hear exercise".
I thought you used sind when talking about a group you are included in. Example wir sind kinder or wir sind manner
That's true. But sind is also used when talking about a group that neither you nor the listener is included in, e.g. sie sind Kinder, sie sind Männer (they are children, they are men).
sind goes with both wir (we) and sie (they).
Also, Kinder and Männer have to be capitalised, and Männer needs an umlaut -- there is no German word manner or Manner. (If you can't write Männer, then write Maenner instead.)
Guys anyone tell me where to use SEID and SIND....Tell me the difference between them...Where to use BIST...
I thought "die" was feminin and "junge" was masculine, same thing with men, why did the use "die" for plural.
die is used for feminine nouns in the singular, and for all nouns in the plural.
(There's no gender distinction in the plural: all nouns take die.)
Out of curiosity, why is there die, der and das? Do they mean different things or are they just used to make things clearer?
are they just used to make things clearer?
That's more or less it.
Our ancestors found it useful to sort words into different categories.
Gender largely disappeared in English (except in the pronouns: he / she / it have not merged into one) but is still strong in German, as in many other Indo-European languages such as Greek, French, or Swedish. (Though e.g. French and Swedish merged the three genders into two.)
die is used not only for feminine nouns but also for all plural nouns (regardless of gender - there is no gender in the plural).
Why we not use bist instead of seid and sind however both meaning is same. Please make me understand. Thank you in advance.
Why we not use bist instead of seid and sind however both meaning is same.
It's the same in the sense that "am" and "is" and "are" mean the same thing -- they are all forms of the verb "to be". But you have to choose the one that matches the subject.
In Danish, the verb være (to be) is conjugated like this:
- jeg er
- du er
- han er, hun er
- vi er
- I er
- de er
So Danish people learning English might ask: we do people in English say "you are" not but "I are", even if the meaning is the same? Why do we have to say "I am"? Why is it "we are, you are, they are" but not "he are"?
To an English speaker, it's natural that we have to say "I am" and "he is" and not "I are, he are".
And to a German speaker it's natural that we have to say du bist and ihr seid and wir sind -- you can't just mix them up and say du seid or ihr sind, any more than you could say "I is" or "you am".
If the subject is du, the verb form is bist. And so on:
- ich bin
- du bist
- er/sie/es ist
- wir sind
- ihr seid
- sie sind
Okay, I'm still very confused about this. From the rules i have figured out (no explanation on when to use which word, that might be helpful) is that sind is used when referring to one's self and seid is used when talking about others, but this doesn't follow that. Can anyone help?
no explanation on when to use which word, that might be helpful
Haven't you been reading the tips and notes?
They may be available behind a light-bulb icon if you are using an app; otherwise, you will have to use the website https://www.duolingo.com/ to access them (ideally on a device with a large-ish screen, since the website sometimes acts like the app when it detects a small screen and may not make tips and notes available).
Choose a lesson unit, then click on the lightbulb icon:
The tips and notes for this unit, Basics 2, are also available here: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-2/tips-and-notes
The section "verb conjugation" explains which verb form goes with which subject.
I have been looking at the tips and notes. The section "verb conjunction" doesn't seem to be available on the app (unless I am completely missing it) which is where I primarily use Duolingo. I actually didn't know about a website until I this comment reply email and decided to look at it on my computer in which it brought me to the website. I don't know if the app would have different information available for Android vs. Apple, but on my Android phone I cannot see the "verb conjugation" section, I only have the sections "verbs", "plurals", and "German sounds". In the future I might try and look at tips and notes on the website to try and avoid an issue like this again.
Can anyone tell me why we use sind sometimes and said sometimes for the same word "are"
In English, "are" is used for any of "we, you, they".
There's no particularly good reason for this except that's what English does.
(In Danish, for example, er is used with any pronoun -- jeg er, du er, han er "I are, you are, he are".)
In German, "we" and "they" share the same verb form, but "you" does not.
So we have wir sind and sie sind but ihr seid (and du bist for talking to one person).
You can't translate the word "are" by itself -- you have to look at the subject of the verb and then pick the matching verb form in German based on that.
I'm confused when it comes to questions, in past duolingo lessons it had the german way of saying a question like 'is she drinking?' was 'trinkt sie?' and I don't understand why!
I am not sure what you mean, but German doesn't have a continuous form. Both 'is she drinking?' and 'does she drink?' is 'trinkt sie?' in German.
you are talking ABOUT the boys, not TO the boys, so you cannot use "sied". "seid" goes with 'ihr', which is the plural for 'you'. 'sie' (they) uses sind, so we use that.
In this case "die" is plural "the Jungen"=the boys. in singular, should be "der Junge" =the boy
Isn't Der Jungen instead of Die Jungen because Jungen is a masculine word?
When a word becomes plural, der and das turns into die, like in 'die brote' (the breads) or 'die jungen' (the boys) (Die does not make it feminine in this case, it just the article for plural words.)
Why is it 'Die jungen' and not 'Der jungen'? Also the same for männer,why is it 'die' and not 'der'?
Because those words are plural.
der Junge, der Mann in the singular, die Jungen, die Männer in the plural (and nouns are always capitalised in German).
All nouns have the same articles in the plural -- e.g. die Frau, die Frauen and das Mädchen, die Mädchen: always die in the plural regardless of the gender.
Jungen is a noun and has to be capitalised.
It's also plural, so you need the plural article die and not the masculine article der
When you're addressing someone not from your group you say "seid" , when you're talking about something which you're part of , you say "sind"
In English and in German verbs are NOT capitalized. "are" is a conjugation of the verb "to be". So the correct form would be "The boys are children.
Does that answer your question?
How the plural of Junge is Jungen? Its masculine form, So it should end with -er.