You may use both. 'He is drinking' (Hij is aan het drinken) emphasizes that he is drinking right now.
I've realized that the majority of germanic languages really don't use the verb 'to be' and an action to form the present. I find it kind of easier, tbh.
Small question about Hij.
Is there not an un-emphasized form for it? Because for instance there is Zij and Ze. And one is used when it's important to note that "SHE has an apple and I don't." But is there no way to express this emphasis with Hij?
The un-emphasized form for hij is 'ie'. But this is only used in informal speech and sometimes in informal text. Duolingo doesn't accept it either.
Everything is a dialect, but ie is really common in Dutch spoken language (across all dialects).
Yeah, but I wouldn't advise others to use dialects. It's not how it's taught, you know?
Everything that is written is written in a dialect. What I am saying, is that 'ie' exists across all dialects. Almost every Dutch speaker uses 'ie' in spoken language.
You can use both 'zij' and 'ze' except when you emphasize. Then you may only use 'zij'. For example: Zij komt in de klas, niet hij. -> She enters the classroom, not him.
how do i tell the difference from drink and drinkt and when do i use the different way
Hello all. Could you tell me how to pronounce "drinkt" please? What I can hear on this course is like "drint". So, Is "k" not voiced? My native language is Japanese and Japanese does not have many sounds, so I am not confident with the sound of Europian languages. Also, it is not in the "Hij drinkt." sentence, but can anybody help me with the pronunciation of "vrouw"?
There are no silent letters in "drinkt". The "k" is pronounced, even though it kind of hard to hear in this recording (it might be a computer voice).
The word "vrouw" is pronounced "frau", but the Dutch "r" is more like an Arabic "g" than an English "r".
Hi Rae.F. Thank you very much for the explanation. Your explanation is much better than the audio on this website. Thanks! :)
The pronunciation is not how the average Dutch person would pronounce it. You have to pronounce the k.
I am Dutch and I do not pronounce the 'k' in 'drinkt' BUT technically, yes, you should pronounce the k.
The personal pronoun. Who is drinking? The 'I' ('ik' pronoun) has the verb 'drink'. In other cases (or other personal pronouns that are singular), we add a +t.
Is there a (mostly) normal conjugation for each pronoun (i.e. the pronouns and conjugation in German)?
No, in Netherlands they pronouce it like in French or German but in Belgium they roll it like in Spanish.
Spanish has two different Rs, which you can hear in the difference between "perro" (dog) and "pero" (but). The first is a trill (IPA: /r/) and the second is a tap (IPA: /ɾ/). The American R is written in the IPA as /ɹ/.
American English also has the tap, but we don't distinguish it from other sounds. "Ladder" for example is perceived as /d/, but it's really /ɾ/.
Just to add, I am from the netherlands and in my region (which is quite far from belgium, we roll the r just like the belgians (or the spanish)
His would be translated to "zijn". The 'ij' is pronounced as 'I' (the personal pronoun).
Is there a trick to saying drinkt? I'm having trouble saying it correctly.
d+r (don't add the ch sound that most native english speakers do) + ink (just like in english) + t (like in stop, not like in top)
"hey" is pronounced with (what we call a) short "e" followed by the "y" glide. "IJ" is pronounced more like our short "a" followed by the "y" glide. At least that's how I understand it.
I see there are options given, there is 'he' and 'He' with caps, why there are 2 as the answer is just one- a male -> he or He is the same. Also, so Zij means emphasis-comparison, while Ze is just a pronoun (?) for 'she'? her?
'He' with caps, aside from using a capital at the beginning of a sentence, is often in reference towards greater entities or things like God. We barely use it these days. I wouldn't worry about it. Use 'he' in a sentence (not at the beginning of one) and you'd be good to go in general. Don't worry.
Seeing as most of you are English (or at least use English), I referred to Linguistics, hence the terms pronouns, nouns etc.
Zij/ze: she Haar: her
Ze is a personal pronoun, it's about a person. While her is possessive, which means it's about something she possesses. She is going to the shop = Ze gaat naar de winkel. Her dog is white = Haar hond is wit*
*Please bear in mind that 'haar' can also be a noun in Dutch. It then means 'hair'.
"He is drink"? No. But you can say "Hij is aan het drinken," although I don't think it's used as often as it is in English.
No what I wanted to say was "He is drinking" but I think you would still say Hij drinkt or Hij is aan het drinken right?
Yes, I understood your question. I was pointing out that "Hij is drinkt" is wrong for approximately the same reason "He is drink" is wrong.
If you want to say "He is drinking", in Dutch that's generally the same as "He drinks", which is "Hij drinkt", but there are contexts in which you would say "Hij is aan het drinken".