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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

Latin words (macronized version)

Salvete! I'm a beginner in Latin, and I want to help those who are also beginners. For people who haven't known, a macron is a sign on top of a vowel that indicates the long vowel. Macrons not only help us to distinguish between long and short vowels, but in many cases show us which syllable to stress in a word as well. I'm gonna list words I've seen in the course (again, I'm a beginner, so there won't be all words in the course, but only ones I've learned) with macrons (if there are). Hope that helps!

Latin English Latin English
Fēmina Woman Sum (I) am
Es (you) are Est (he/she) is
Nōs We Vōs Y’all/You (formal)
They Eae They
Salvē Hello (to one person) Salvēte Hello (to people)
Nōmen Name Mihi
Tibi Ēī
Quid What Quōmodo How
Myself Himself//herself
Yourself Habeō (I) feel
Habēs (You) feel Habet (he/she) feels
Bene Well Male Poorly
Rōma Rome Rōmae In Rome
Habitāre To live Habitō (I) live
Habitās (you) live Habitat (he/she) lives
Ītalia Italy In In
Agō Agis
Agit Ubi Where
Ita Yes Minimē No
Novum Eborācum New York Novī Eborācī In New York
In Urbe In the city Urbs A city
Urbēs Cities Num
Ūniversitās University Ūniversitātēs Universities
Familia Family Bostonia Boston
Bostoniae In Boston Philadelphīā Philadelphia
Philadelphīae In Philadelphia Juvenis Young man
Juvenēs Young men Cīvitās State
Cīvitātēs States Sōlus Alone
Sōla Alone Sōlum Alone
Novus New Nova New
Novum New Nātus Born
Nāta Born Nātum Born
Meus My Mea My
Meum My America America
Americānus American Americāna American
Americānum American Quot How many/much
Multī Many Multae Many
Multa Many Germānia Germany
Rōmānus Roman Rōmāna Roman
Rōmānum Roman Vir Man
Puer Boy Puella Girl
Pater Father Māter Mother
Soror Sister Frāter Brother
Nōn Not Et And
Sed But Quis Who
Dormit (he/she) sleeps Studet (he/she) learns
Scrībit (he/she) writes Domī At home
Stephane Steven Marcē Mark

Here's a site to macronize Latin words: http://alatius.com/macronizer/ .Thank you slogger for this macronizer. Thank you daKanga and JackDunne5 for the guides. And thank you for reading my post and giving me lingots!

April 4, 2020

19 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Peter474900

Thank you Anlxop!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

I'm glad you like it.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LoveLingua1

Macrons don't show where to stress syllables. Most Latin words are pronounced after the paenultima rule, which says that the second last syllable is stressed. The macrons only show the length of the vowel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/odi_et_amo

From Wheelock's Latin:

  1. In a word of two syllables the accent always falls on the first syllable: sér-vō, saé-pe, ní-hil.

  2. In a word of three or more syllables (a) the accent falls on the next to last syllable (sometimes called the PENULT), if that syllable is long (ser-v'ā-re, cōn-sérvat, for-t'ū-na); (b) otherwise, the accent falls on the syllable before that (the ANTEPENULT: mó-ne-ō, pá-tri-a, pe-c'ū-ni-a, vó-lu-cris).

Note that this is syllable length, not vowel length.

Syllable quantity: A syllable is LONG BY NATURE if it contains a long vowel or a diphthong; a syllable is LONG BY POSITION if it contains a short vowel followed by two or more consonants or by x, which is a double consonant (= ks). Otherwise a syllable is short;

There are instances when you cannot know if a syllable is long or short without a macron.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

That’s right, macrons don’t always show where to stress syllables. But what I meant is based on the length of a vowel (which is the information macrons give), we can know the length of a syllable and thus know where to stress. Of course, in two-syllable words, we don’t need macrons to know where to stress, but in multi-syllable words, the existence (or absence) of macrons is very helpful and sometimes that’s the only sign for us to know whether a syllable is long or short.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VladaFu

You can mark the end of line (and thus putting each word on a separate line) by putting two spaces at the end of the line.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

Thank you, my post looks a bit tidier now.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Silmarillion333

Gratias tibi!

ށަމުެލ


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

You're welcome!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Silmarillion333

What is your native language? By the way, your English is amazing!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

By saying that you probably know I'm not a native English speaker, don't you? :). My native language is Vietnamese. I guess yours is English?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MacBasse

My native language is Vietnamese.

A native Vietnamese speaker learning Latin, that's beautiful...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Silmarillion333

Yes, you're correct. I knew you were not a native speaker because in an old post you said that English was not your first language. And also, your English level is at 24, which is really high and I don't think a native speaker would go that high.

ށަމުެލ


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

Wow, you even saw my old post? I really don't remember what I said in my old posts. By the way, how can you manage to learn so many languages at a time? Are you a language master or something like that?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Silmarillion333

Well, not really, I just want to learn the basics like "Where is the bathroom?" or "Thank you". Sometimes I keep on going, for example, Latin, Swedish, Navajo, French, or Ukrainian.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MacBasse

No need to translate the personal names mate (Steven, Mark), a while ago the course didn't even accepted translations of that (not sure if they changed it), anyhow I think it's better to simply leave that out.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnLxoP

Thanks, but I think nowadays there's nobody named Stephanus or Marcus.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MacBasse

I burst in laugh after reading your comment. I've seen tons of Marcus in my life, one random example of a public figure: https://www.instagram.com/ericsson_marcus/

Stephania is a very common Greek name nowadays, I assure you that Stephanus sounds much more natural in the Mediterranean area than "Steven" ever will.

Anyway, both Stephanus and Marcus, even in USA, is not a thing that someone would wonder "hm, what word is that?", they would get it is in fact a name. So, again, no need to "translate" that... but yeah, you're free to do it if you want, just avoid the nonsense explanations then.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CannedMan

Lingots well deserved. Note that it is Mārcus, Mārce; the vocative does not get a long ē, i would assume this is an example of iambic shortening, carried over to every other vocative (where you do not have a iambic word), similar to bene.

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