"I eat food."
Translation:Io mangio il cibo.
A perfect example of how Italian uses the definite article more often than English. Romance languages like Italian and Spanish use the definite article to refer to things as a concept. So depending on the context, "Mangio il cibo" could mean "I eat the (specific) food" or "I eat food (in general)."
English does not conjugate verbs very robustly, so you're just not used to each person having its own unique conjugation.
The infinitive is
mangiare and this link will show you how it conjugates:
In Italian, if a verb is regular, then you can conjugate it according to a chart. This shows the present-tense conjugations for regular verbs depending on how the infinitive ends:
There are two different conjugations for regular verbs ending in -ire, but don't worry about that right now.
"Mangiare" ends in -are and it's regular, so we look at the -are column and see what ending we need. We conjugate verbs by removing the infinitive ending and replacing it with the appropriate conjugation ending. All regular verbs follow the same rules.
|tu (you, sg)||mangi-|
|voi (you, pl)||mangi-||ate|
|loro (they)||mangi-||ano|(Sorry about the bad table formatting. Apparently Duolingo doesn't properly support all of Markdown. I did my best.)
The only thing we need to note here is that because the root already ends with -i, we don't need to add the extra -i for the
tu conjugation. But if the root did not already end in -i, we would definitely need to put it there.
Grazie a scilling per l'aiuto.
(Sorry about the bad table formatting. Apparently Duolingo doesn’t properly support all of Markdown. I did my best.)
You just need to use the GitHub-flavored Markdown table syntax:
| infinitive | MANGI- | ARE |
| :---: | :---: | :---: |
| io (I) | mangi- | o |
| tu (you, sg) | mangi- | |
| lui/lei (he/she/it) | mangi- | a |
| noi (we) | mangi- | amo |
| voi (you, pl) | mangi- | ete |
| loro (they) | mangi- | ano |
|tu (you, sg)||mangi-|
|voi (you, pl)||mangi-||ete|
There are three infinitive endings: -ARE, -ERE, and -IRE.
"MANGIARE" is a regular -ARE verb and takes the -ARE conjugation patterns.
"BERE", using the stem BEV-, is a semi-regular -ERE verb and takes the -ERE conjugation patterns.
There are two different conjugation patterns for regular -IRE verbs. The most common one is the first one listed. There is a list of regular -IRE verbs that take the second pattern.
In Italian, the verb conjugations tell you who you are talking about, unlike English. For example, in Italian, "Mangio il cibo" is accepted because you are using the "io" conjugation, therefore you don't need the io because it's implied. In English, you would have to say "I eat the food".