"Are you wearing a shoe?"
Translation:Draag jij een schoen?
Is there any reason why here "draagt jij een schoen" isn't accepted? It is just taking "draag jij...." for me. Is that right?
Yes, that is an oddity of the Dutch verb conjugation. "You" (singular) usually gets a -t, except when the verb comes before the subject. This happens in questions and in certain subclauses.
Yes, that only happens for the subject jij/je.
- Jij loopt/loop jij
- Jij gaat/ga jij
- Jij eet/eet jij
The verb gets a t when the subject jij/je is first. It doesn't get a t when jij/je comes afterwards. Note that "eet" already has a t. In that case, no t is added or taken away.
"Je" can be also be used as a possesive. If it's not the subject, it will not affect the verb.
Loopt je hond op het gras? (is your dog walking on the grass?)
I don't think that was the answer I used. I was just curious. Thank you for responding.
"u" is the proper form of you, much like "Sie" in German. "Je draagt een schoen," is not correct because they're asking, "Are you wearing a shoe?" You have to flip the subject and verb around to make it, "Draag je een schoen?" Now, if they were asking, "You're wearing a shoe?" it might be a little different.
"Draag u een schoen?" is incorrect because of the verb form you used. When using the proper 'u', the -t is not taken off, so it would be "Draagt u een schoen?" If you wanted to use 'draag', you would have to use 'je' or 'jij' instead of 'u'.
So, to clarify: if this was a declarative statement it would be "Jij draagt een schoen" or "U draagt een schoen," but as a question it is "Draag jij een schoen" or "Draagt u een schoen"?
In questions, you remove the -t ending of a 2nd person singular verb if it takes "je/jij" but not if it takes "u." Correct?
"are" is in the sentence because you wouldn't say "Wear you a shoe?" "Wearing you a shoe?" or "You wearing a shoe?" It's just how questions work in English.
Sorry I couldn't explain it better.
So I guess "Zijn jullie een schoen dragen?" doesn't work? A sentence similar in form to that lead me to believe it would be a correct response.
No, it doesn't really work that way in Dutch. In English, questions are formed by first using the verb "to be" (whether it's am, are, or is), and then the infinitive form of the verb that the person might be doing. However, in Dutch you simply use the finitive form of the verb.