Typically if you have a measurement of some kind or something similar that denotes an amount of something, you don't need the "of" like in English.
- a cup of coffee = een kopje koffie
- a glass of wine = een glaasje wijn
- a bottle of water = een fles water
- a plate of apples = een bord appels
- a kilogram of potatoes = een kilogram aardappels
- a liter of oil = een liter olie
- a number of countries = een aantal landen
A pasta plate is a kind of plate often used for pasta, It could be empty. It could have anything on it. It could have pasta on it, but no one is sure what is on it. There is no hyphen used. Putting a hyphen does not make it a plate of pasta. It is simply not a word. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pasta-plate "A full plate of pasta" is any plate that is full of pasta and is the correct translation.
If it was a listening exercise ('type-what-you-hear'), you must type exactly what the voice says.
They are only different in terms of emphasis and pronunciation.
• Jij: emphatic pronoun, the ij sounds close to 'ay' in the English word May.
• Je: unstressed, 'regular' form. The e is pronounced with a schwa, which is the sound of the e in the English word differ.
Unless this is type-what-you-hear, "Je hebt een vol bord pasta." is just as correct as "Jij hebt een vol bord pasta." (A plate-full of pasta.) You could report that it should be accepted.
The only problem is that neither is correct. "Een bord pasta" is already a quantity, hence you can't have "een vol bord pasta" (a full plateful of pasta). - How would that work? Could you then order an empty plateful of pasta as well?
On the other hand, the current pronunciation speaks of a special pasta recipe for pasta that can only be prepared and served with full plates: "volbord-pasta" (full plate pasta). I expect the recipe involves preparing the pasta one plate at a time in an oven, with possibly a top layer of cheese to cover it. If you were to prepare half a plate, the heat would be lost and the pasta would be served only lukewarm.
So, ignoring such exceptions as the exercise offers us here, you'd have:
- 1 "Een bord vol pasta" - A plate full of pasta.
- 2 "Een vol pastabord" - A full pasta plate.
- 3 "Een bord pasta" - A plate-full of pasta.
1 may be any type of plate, but it's filled with pasta.. 2 is a plate intended for pasta, but it might well contain soup, as nothing specifies what it actually contains, just that it's full. 3 is pasta, in a specific quantity.