How do I type an umlaut?
Is an easy keyboard shortcut to typing and umlaut (double-dots over vowels). Clicking and typing are inefficient.
An Austrian friend of mine says that, when your keyboard doesn't have an Umlaut, «the usual way is to let an «e» follow the vowel to indicate an Umlaut», example: naechsten, spaeter, etc. Not sure that that would help while using duolingo...
For completeness: on linux, just set one of the mod keys (I use the right Alt) to be the compose key, and then type <compose>"a to get ä for instance (there are many such combinations, another eg is <compose>ss for ß). The method for enabling the compose key depends on which desktop environment you use. For the standard ones it's somewhere in the menu system, but for the more minimalistic window managers you need to put a line like "keycode 108 = Multi_key" in the .xmodmap file in your home directory. (Keycode 108 is my right Alt key; use the xev program to determine which keycode corresponds to your desired compose key. Multi_key is the X name for the compose key.)</compose></compose>
You could try changing your keyboard layout to "International English". It takes a little getting used to, but if you type in other languages often, it's a huge time saver.
Linux, Italian keyboard: be sure to have the Italy layout and not Italy Eliminate Dead Keys. Press together AltGr, the right Shift and the . key. Release them. You won't see anything (that's what a dead key is) but press the wowel key now. You get any of öäïëü. It's useful for other languages as well: AltGr+n gives the Spanish ñ. Maybe other national keyboard layouts have similar shortcuts.
In Windows (7 at least, probably others too), you can enable the US-International keyboard by going to the Control Panel, then going either to "Region and Language" or "Change keyboards or other input methods". Then go to the "Keyboards and Languages" tab and click the "Change Keyboards" button. Check "US-International" (it's under "English-United States"). I suggest enabling the "Language Bar" and have it docked in the taskbar. After this, when using the International keyboard layout, you can hold AltGr (The Alt key to the right of the spacebar) and press letter keys to generate special characters. Alt-Gr - Q is ä, Alt-Gr - P is ö, and Alt-Gr - Y is ü.
See this page for all the shortcuts that you will need in Windows: http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/international/accents/codealt.html
Thanks for the great suggestions, folks.
The AltGr key isn't available on US keyboards, unfortunately. :-(
However, adding the keyboard layout worked great ('ä[ü;ö). Thanks!
I just add an e after the vowel since I don't have umlauts on my keyboard. E.G. Pro Stück = Pro Stueck A friend of mine told me to do this a long time ago and this website seems to accept it written this way too.
Edit: Nope, apparently it doesn't always accept it :l
Look at the Canadian keyboard layout, it can do french, english, german, spanish and pretty much every latin language I can think of with simple keys. I bet there are a couple others you should explore and use instead of US-English.
You can do two things: 1. Press Alt+0252 for "ü", Alt+246 for "ö", Alt+0228 for "ä" and Alt+225 for "ß". or
- Set your keyboard settings to German, in which case, " - " = "ß", " [ " = "ü", " ; " = "ö" and " ' " = "ä". This is if you use a UK keyboard, by the way the "Y" and "Z" swap places in the German keyboard.
It‘s easy to find out how to type umlauts on computers, but what about devices? When I indicate the umlaut on my iPod touch by putting an 'e' after the vowel, sometimes it is marked correct, but sometimes Duolingo says ”Watch out for the umlaut." I even get these two different reactions within the same lesson.
I found the answer for iPod touch and iPhone: touch and hold the letter, and a menu will come up with all the possible accents – slide your finger to the one you want to select. For German, this gets you both the umlauts (touch and hold the respective vowel) and the scharfes ß (touch and hold the ‘s’).
Here is how to get the US International keyboard in Windows 10:
Press this key -- Then press this key -- Resulting character
'(APOSTROPHE) -- c, e, y, u, i, o, a -- ç, é, ý, ú, í, ó, á
"(QUOTATION MARK) -- e, y, u, i, o, a -- ë, ÿ, ü, ï, ö, ä
`(ACCENT GRAVE) -- e, u, i, o, a -- è, ù, ì, ò, à
~(TILDE) -- o, n, a -- õ, ñ, ã
^(CARET) -- e, u, i, o, a --ê, û, î, ô, â