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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ColetteJohnston

using me,se, te, vous and nous with a verb

How do you know which verb to add the me, se , te etc. ? Are there only certain verbs or certain situations?

April 15, 2020

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SilverWisp

You add it to a reflexive verb, which is a verb with se or s' in front of it. For example, s'amuser (to have fun) or se laver (to wash oneself) . My teacher told us that it's a verb which shows something only you can do for yourself. For example, only you can have fun for yourself, no-one else can have fun for you!

Here is what to add to each personal pronoun:

Je-me

Tu-te

Il/Elle-se

Nous-nous

Vous-vous

Ils/Elles-se

For example:

Je m'amuse bien - I am having fun

Tu te laves - you are washing yourself

(By the way, I'm not fluent in French. As far as I know, this is correct, but correct me if I'm wrong)

Hope this helps :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ColetteJohnston

Thanks, that does help.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Summerstor5

The pronoun and verb aren't connected that way.

Je me lave les mains. == I wash my hands.

Vous me lavez les mains == You wash my hands.

Je vous lave les mains. == I wash your hands.

Nous notre lavons les mains. == We wash our hands.

Nous leur lavons les mains. == We wash their hands.

Et le virus est mort. :-)

These pronouns aren't possessives, so you don't use the plural form with "the hands". You use the form which refers to who is doing the verb. It's redundant in the English language thinking. We don't say, "I wash my own hands." But, the French, they are different.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jojo553168

Nous notre lavons les mains. == We wash our hands.

No, that would be Nous nous lavons les mains.

It's redundant in the English language thinking. We don't say, "I wash my own hands." But, the French, they are different.

Do you really see more redundancy in Je me lave les mains than in I'm washing my hands ?

The question was about reflexive pronouns, and your answer is mixing reflexive pronouns. (je me lave se laver) and indirect object pronouns (je te lave , vous me lavez laver).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Summerstor5

thanks for catching that one error. BTW, how did you get your text to be light yellow?

As for redundancy, it's a matter of perspective. Saying "Nous nous" seems redundant and then having to add the "les" before "mains" adds text which really isn't needed. The English form, using the possessive "nos mains" isn't redundant per se, it's just a specification of what we're washing. It's using both "nous" and "les" which seems excessive.

But, as I'm regularly told, French is just fine and there's no need to change anything, so carry on.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jojo553168

to add the "les" before "mains" adds text which really isn't needed.

It's not needed in english.
Languages use different structures, and saying a word is or is not necessary in a language just by comparing it to your own is a bit surprising.

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