Es is être for the pronoun you (tu) and est is for he, she, etc... (Il, elle and on). Imagine it being like saying "tu est" as saying "you is" or "Il es" as "he are". And don't forget et, which means and!
Don't try to look at the words as being unique translations (es=are, est=is, etc). You must conjugate them. In English, the verb "to be" is conjugated as: I am, you are (singular), he/she/it is, we are, you are (plural) and they are. But in French, there are SIX different words:
- je suis = I am
- tu es = you are (singular, informal)
- il/elle est= he/she is
- nous sommes = we are
- vous êtes = you are (either singular/polite or plural)
- ils/elles sont = they are
Es doesn't mean "are" all the time, only in "tu es"/"you are" (singular you) for a plural you, or a polite you, you say "vous êtes". "Est" is "is" in "he is"/il est. "she is"/elle est.
I cant figure out wether a thing is masculine or feminine. How did you guys figure it out ?
you memorize the words, and you listen at the articles. but memorize them first.
I searched for u in the prev ex to ask you about the difference btween the translations of j'aime which are "i love" and "i like" can u help me recognize the diff btween them and when to write each
J'aime can be used for either "I love" or "I like", but is mainly used to express fondness of an item, or person. It's like saying "I like pizza." (J'aime la pizza.) However, J'adore is used to express deep caring and love for something or someone. "I love pizza." would be "J'adore la pizza." There is no big difference and j'aime can be used for either.
Thank you for your explanation i realy appreciate it and i thought the same way but had to make sure, i doubt everything
You can see some special cases and general rules from the internet but they are just for temp references. In general, there are exactly ways to figure out clearly between two kinds of those nouns. Just meet more and learn more. I am just the beginner and that is my experience. Hope to help you.
I think "es" is used with "tu" (you) while "est" is used with "il/elle/on" (he/she/they). Since "livre" is masculine it takes "est".
almost; You're right until "since livre is masculine, it takes est". Il est; Elle est; Both gender has the same conjugaison with "est" for "is".
Whats the difference between rouge and rouges? I always get confused!
Stop the clutter! Please do not report mistakes here and read the comments below before posting.
Le is for masculine nouns and la is for feminine nouns, but both mean "the" and must be used only for singular nouns
"Onamatopoeia" :: the name for words that sound like the sound they describe. Examples: Crash! Bang! Tinkle. Kerplop. One of my favourites is the sound of gas fumes igniting... Vooomf. (I am not sure that "oops" is truly onomatopoeic, though. It is a sound people make when they have made a mistake. It is not the sound of a mistake happening as such.)
How can you hear the difference between est and et? Or do you just have to use context?
You should pay attention to the verb. Here you have "est" so it means that the noun is not plural.
le becomes l' only if the word starts with a vowel. L in livre is not a vowel therefore it is le livre and not l'livre :)
Is that why l' homme has l' instead of le, if you pronounce it omme? Is the letter H always silent if in the beginning of a word? (It's that way with Portuguese.)
Yes, h at the beginning of a word in French is typically treated as a vowel. ex: l'horloge (the clock), l'humain (the human), l'haricot (the bean).
The rules is not about starting with vowels, it's about starting with VOWEL SOUNDS. H is silent so homme starts with a vowel sound. And thus we say l'homme. Not le hockey though because that's borrowed from other languages.
It's hard to know out of context. There are some patterns you can try to pick up on, but these are not set rules. However, if you see the word in a sentence you can tell if it is masculine or feminine based on the article and/or adjective used with it.
why not la livre and le book? is it because book masculine and letter is femine
Book is not a word in French. To say "the book", say "le livre", and to say "the letter" say "la lettre".
so why is it if i was to say 'the red dress' the colour would go first 'la rouge robe' but is this case the noun is first?
In english you would say "the red dress" but in French you would say "la robe rouge". Color adjectives always come after the noun
As soon as i make any sound the ap rejects it. Something wrong with the ap. This had been happening for over a month
My problem is that I have such a hard time understanding the difference between (les and le Example: Les enfants. Le enfant) I can't heard the diffence to understand if it is plural or singular. I get that if the subject is plural or singular; also the verb. But I can't hear it! Ufff
"Le livre... [inaudible]"
Had to listen to the audio several times before I could make out what he was saying, but at least it's not like some other questions where you just give up and get the question wrong. This one is still possible to do first try.
the audio for the fast version doesn't sound like it has the "est" in it.