1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Dutch
  4. >
  5. "Goedenavond."


Translation:Good evening.

July 20, 2014



Why is the "en" not pronounced?


I do pronounce the en. The pronunciation differs a lot between regions.


For sanity's sake, I think I'll learn it with the "en", so I don't forget how to spell it :)


You did not pronounce the n


Depending on the region you don't pronounce the 'n' but you have to pronounce the 'e'. You can not say 'goedavond'.


The pronunciation sounds strange to me; the g sounds like a 'h' sound, and the 'v' in 'avond' sounds like an 'f'. Is this right?


Yes that is perfect. You do get some differences between accents in different regions, but generally "g" is a soft "ch" as in "loch ness" type sound, and "v" could be a voiceless "f" sound as in general English.


So similar to German.

Only in German, the g sounding like "ch/k" only happens when it's at the end of a word (and even then it's pretty regional). Of course, v straight up sounds like "f".

Is this the general pronunciation regardless of where the consonants are located?


To me, it doesn't sound at all like the German "ch" (as in "ich"). That is a sound made with the top of the tongue at the front of the mouth just above the teeth - for the Dutch "g", the tongue is further back in the mouth, and the sound is a lot harder.

I read a good description of it as being like the Spanish "j", and the altusvantonder's comparison with the Scottish "loch" sound is also a good one.


J for spanish from Spain. Since the J in Latin America sounds as the H in Hammock or the Ha in Arabic ح (ḥāʼ)


Everyone south of the reine (river) the g is like the german ch. Thats how ive learned to speak because thats where my husband is from. North of the river is the hard g like your trying to remove popcorn from the back of your throat


I total agree. An absolut different sound than the German ich/ach. It's more likely the Swizerdütsch "g".


I agree, to me it sounds like "Guten abend", yet I'm not native German speaker :)


Looks like, but doesn't sound like. In any case i forgot where i was for a moment and answered 'guten Abend'. It didn't accept it...


Which Dutch accent are we learning? I'm curious hehhehe :D


Southern by the sound of it. Soft g.


The dutch 'g', to me, is what linguists term a 'velar fricative', which on the International phonetics alphabet (IPA) chart, is /x/. Here is a link for you to listen and tell me if I'm right :) http://web.uvic.ca/ling/resources/ipa/charts/IPAlab/IPAlab.htm

also, I would say the location of this sound is a non-nasalised 'ng' sound, if that helps at all.


@Em.Jayne: I agree with the velar fricative..

@ all of you non-linguists: It's good to visualize the place where the sound is made, what the tongue does, what the lips do and how the air "flows". Often it helps to listen to very similar sounds and find the differences. Compare:

German "ich" (tongue flat and low, mouth spread to a wide smile, air soft aspiration)

German "ach" (muscle tension in the back of the tongue, tip of the tongue might be pressed down in the front of your mouth, air flows in your pharynx and the far end of your mouth , the air flows with a light to medium friction)

The Dutch sound in "goedemorgen" similar to the german "ach" - but the friction seems a bit stronger and the air flows only at the far end of your mouth, not in the pharynx, I would say there is a stringer tention in the bK of your tongue.. it feels a bit like a bridge.. highest pount in the back.

Mother tongue speakers.. please correct me if needed. I just state what I heard.

Enjoy your course as I do. Hope this was a little helpful. ❤


My Dutch friend, who is from a small town near Amsterdam, says the g's as a voiced velar fricative, while /x/ is unvoiced. Is this a matter regional pronounciation as well?


Yes. South of "the river" is a soft g. Like ch in german ich. So in limberg, brabant etc. North of "the river" is hard g. Like getting popcorn off your throat. No doubt like your friend from amsterdam speaks


guess who's not going to wish anyone good evening in dutch? this girl ahaha no this is way too hard and im so bad at pronouncing stuff


Youtube accents from the southern nederlands provences. Southerner have a soft g and is a god-send for my english tongue. So much easier than how they speak in Amsterdam. Try youtubing the brabant accent


People comment about how -en should not be pronounced but i checked nederland pronunciations online and the -en is very clear. Does this mean we should be pronouncing the -en for words like this one and goedendag?


I would say you can pronounce the -en when you are leaning to speak Dutch. In the official standardised form of Dutch (called "Standaardnederlands" or "Algemeen Nederlands") used on TV and other public channels, you would pronounce the -en. However, in normal speaking amongst Dutch people, even in formal settings, it is very common to drop the "n" at the end of words. So there is no right or wrong way of pronunciation, but learning the standard forms first and then progressing to the more nuanced differences is probably easier.


Thank you very much. Great answer


It depends on the region. But in many cases the 'n' is not pronounced but it is not wrong to pronounce it.

But you should always pronounce the 'e', so you can say 'goededag' but not 'goeddag'.


No one pronounces the en. Trust me. Only toffs and the king speak like that


do you pronounce the d at the end more like t? thats how the generated voice does it on my phone.


Yes. The 'd' at the end of a word is usually pronounced 't'.


what about Goeienavond, i saw this somewhere


It's a colloquial form (both in speech and writing), using it in informal writing is fine.


I translated Goedenavond as good afternoon. I know it is good evening but is there a word for good afternoon?


Not really. In Dutch we say 'goedemorgend' in the morning, 'goedemiddag' in the afternoon, 'goedenavond' in the evening and 'goedenacht' in the night or before going to bed in the evening.

'Goede namiddag' will be understood, but it is not a normal way to speak. 'Goedenamiddag' as one word does not exist.


Is the 'n' silent?


Many Dutch speaking people will not pronounce the n.

Learn Dutch in just 5 minutes a day. For free.