How to remember the German accusative prepositions
A friend of mine gave me this little clue: sing the following list to the tune of the London Bridge is Falling Down. The list is arranged alphabetically, except for the last preposition:
durch, für, gegen, ohne, um ohne, um, ohne, um
durch, für, gegen, ohne, um bis, bis, bis
All of these prepositions are always followed by the accusative case.
Also you can take the first letter of each preposition and make this meaningless word
für, um, durch, gegen, entlang, bis, ohne, wider
This kind of hint is also useful. I just find that anything with music sticks in my head better! ;-)
I learned it in German class as OFUDGE. Like, when you're doing something wrong..."Oh, fudge!"
You are right! or maybe, "bis, entlang, wider!" Though I am not sure 'entlang' always follows with accusative. I have read that the Swiss sometimes use it with dative.'
If we include "entlang," the jingle might run better as "wider, bis, entlang." That fits the rhythm better, IMHO.
I learned it to the tune of Row, Row, Row, Your Boat: Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen ohne, um
For accusative: to the tune of Blue Danube: Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Und vergessen Sie nicht gegenüber
For two-prepositions to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star:
an, auf, hinter, vor, neben, über, unter, in, zwischen
Thanks, but I can't make " Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen ohne, um" fit the melody of "Row Row Row...."
about "Entlang", It is possibly somewhat more common, however, to use entlang in combination with an + dat. with exactly the same meaning, e.g.
Sie gingen am Fluss entlang. They walked along the river.
If you're looking for only those prepositions that require the accusative case, the best mnemonic I've found is -
DOGFUB: durch, ohne, gegen, für, um, bis.
As saschambaer says in this thread, "wider" and "entlang" require the genitive. The most common prepositions that require the genitive are:
despite, in spite of
during, in the course of
I made up this mnemonic for the genitive prepositions:
As as she put the baby down it WInnT WAA! All puns intended, you have to separate "entlang" and put it alongside this.