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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daria2VA

How to remember the German accusative prepositions

A friend of mine gave me this little clue: sing the following list to the tune of the London Bridge is Falling Down. The list is arranged alphabetically, except for the last preposition:

durch, für, gegen, ohne, um ohne, um, ohne, um

durch, für, gegen, ohne, um bis, bis, bis

All of these prepositions are always followed by the accusative case.

July 21, 2014

21 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hischamo

Also you can take the first letter of each preposition and make this meaningless word

FUDGEBOW

für, um, durch, gegen, entlang, bis, ohne, wider


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/saschambaer

Wider and entlang take the genitive though (colloquially dative)…


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daria2VA

This kind of hint is also useful. I just find that anything with music sticks in my head better! ;-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/murinon

What even made you think of this


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yentihw

I learned it in German class as OFUDGE. Like, when you're doing something wrong..."Oh, fudge!"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MorlandLaura

Cute!

And helpful.

But shouldn't the last line end "bis, bis wider"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daria2VA

You are right! or maybe, "bis, entlang, wider!" Though I am not sure 'entlang' always follows with accusative. I have read that the Swiss sometimes use it with dative.'


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MorlandLaura

If we include "entlang," the jingle might run better as "wider, bis, entlang." That fits the rhythm better, IMHO.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/aldittli

I learned it to the tune of Row, Row, Row, Your Boat: Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen ohne, um

For accusative: to the tune of Blue Danube: Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Und vergessen Sie nicht gegenüber

For two-prepositions to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star:
an, auf, hinter, vor, neben, über, unter, in, zwischen


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MorlandLaura

Thanks, but I can't make " Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen ohne, um" fit the melody of "Row Row Row...."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/aldittli

Hm! I guess I'm singing 2 notes on "durch"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Karin350146

"For accusative: to the tune of Blue Danube: Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Und vergessen Sie nicht gegenüber" PLEASE NOTE: These are actually the DATIVE prepositions! BTW: I have tried this tune and it is great, especially seeing as one can remember Danube and Dative both start with the letter "D", so it is easy to remember - Thank you for the idea! NOTE - There is another Dative preposition: samt = (along) with, together with. Maybe this can squeeze in between "nach" and "seit" in the tune?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hischamo

about "Entlang", It is possibly somewhat more common, however, to use entlang in combination with an + dat. with exactly the same meaning, e.g.

Sie gingen am Fluss entlang. They walked along the river.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ashrant

Oh!This might help.:)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robert31643

If you're looking for only those prepositions that require the accusative case, the best mnemonic I've found is -

DOGFUB: durch, ohne, gegen, für, um, bis.

As saschambaer says in this thread, "wider" and "entlang" require the genitive. The most common prepositions that require the genitive are:

anstatt (OR) statt
instead of

außerhalb
outside of

innerhalb
inside of

trotz
despite, in spite of

während
during, in the course of

wegen
because of

I made up this mnemonic for the genitive prepositions:

As as she put the baby down it WInnT WAA! All puns intended, you have to separate "entlang" and put it alongside this.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Karin350146

Where are "entlang" and " wider" in your mnemonic? You stated that those 2 prepositions take the genetive case , but according to the grammar texts that I use, those prepositions take Accusative case. - German Grammar Drills 2nd Edition by Ed Swick (McGraw Hill ISBN 978-0-07-178945-5


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Karin350146

The song also needs to include entlang and wider: Durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, ohne um , ohne um Durch , für, gegen , ohne , um, bis, bis, entlang!

Durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, ohne um , ohne um Durch , für, gegen , ohne , um, bis, bis, wider!

Thanks for the original idea ! 5 lingots to you!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daria2VA

Great edit! Thanks!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Karin350146

Thank you - I have been reading through all of these helpful hints and have found some need to revise certain elements e.g. Deutschland Laura listed the Dative prepositions in her excellent "Blue Danube" hint as the Accusative prepositions. I let her know my information source. I also learned the prepositions years ago in high school, but never had the "tunes" as helpful learning tools, so it is great to have these discussions where fellow students can exchange information and help each other.

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