How to remember the German accusative prepositions
A friend of mine gave me this little clue: sing the following list to the tune of the London Bridge is Falling Down. The list is arranged alphabetically, except for the last preposition:
durch, für, gegen, ohne, um ohne, um, ohne, um
durch, für, gegen, ohne, um bis, bis, bis
All of these prepositions are always followed by the accusative case.
I learned it to the tune of Row, Row, Row, Your Boat: Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, Bis, bis, durch, für, gegen ohne, um
For accusative: to the tune of Blue Danube: Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Und vergessen Sie nicht gegenüber
For two-prepositions to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star:
an, auf, hinter, vor, neben, über, unter, in, zwischen
"For accusative: to the tune of Blue Danube: Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu Und vergessen Sie nicht gegenüber" PLEASE NOTE: These are actually the DATIVE prepositions! BTW: I have tried this tune and it is great, especially seeing as one can remember Danube and Dative both start with the letter "D", so it is easy to remember - Thank you for the idea! NOTE - There is another Dative preposition: samt = (along) with, together with. Maybe this can squeeze in between "nach" and "seit" in the tune?
If you're looking for only those prepositions that require the accusative case, the best mnemonic I've found is -
DOGFUB: durch, ohne, gegen, für, um, bis.
As saschambaer says in this thread, "wider" and "entlang" require the genitive. The most common prepositions that require the genitive are:
despite, in spite of
during, in the course of
I made up this mnemonic for the genitive prepositions:
As as she put the baby down it WInnT WAA! All puns intended, you have to separate "entlang" and put it alongside this.
Where are "entlang" and " wider" in your mnemonic? You stated that those 2 prepositions take the genetive case , but according to the grammar texts that I use, those prepositions take Accusative case. - German Grammar Drills 2nd Edition by Ed Swick (McGraw Hill ISBN 978-0-07-178945-5
The song also needs to include entlang and wider: Durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, ohne um , ohne um Durch , für, gegen , ohne , um, bis, bis, entlang!
Durch, für, gegen, ohne, um, ohne um , ohne um Durch , für, gegen , ohne , um, bis, bis, wider!
Thanks for the original idea ! 5 lingots to you!
Thank you - I have been reading through all of these helpful hints and have found some need to revise certain elements e.g. Deutschland Laura listed the Dative prepositions in her excellent "Blue Danube" hint as the Accusative prepositions. I let her know my information source. I also learned the prepositions years ago in high school, but never had the "tunes" as helpful learning tools, so it is great to have these discussions where fellow students can exchange information and help each other.