"Soy una persona muy triste."
Translation:I am a very sad person.
I think that it wouldn't be "pathetic," it's most likely more referring to just the emotion. I would say the same for weather, too- if there was bad weather, you could say "Hace mal tiempo," or simply describe the weather. Spanishdict.com also says that you could use "sombrío" to describe a gloomy-seeming place, but I'm still not sure about the weather. I didn't find any results when I looked it up on Google, but I did find this resource ( https://www.thelocal.es/galleries/culture/ten-spanish-weather-phrases/10 ), which has 10 phrases to describe bad weather. I'm not a professional, but in my opinion, I wouldn't use it for weather or being an overall pathetic person. I hope this helps! ¡Buena suerte!
You don't have it quite right. Triste when applied to a person means sad or meloncholy. But when applied to things without emotions, it can mean miserable or gloomy. But triste is also considered a meaning changing adjective, so for these meanings you would place the adjective before the noun it modifies. Sombrío does work well with weather, so if you wanted to say it's a gloomy day you can either say Es un día sombrío. Or Es un triste día.
I don't know what the other sentence was, but if "Estoy" was used then it would have been describing the condition of being sad. Here "Soy" describes a characteristic. To describe what type of person someone is, you must use "Ser." If you want to describe how someone feels, you would use "Estar."
They are similar words and might all be pretty much synonomous in some situations. But certainly someone can be sad and not lonely or lonely and not really sad. As for gloomy I think of that as more of an affect or attitude than an emotion. Eeyore from Winnie the Pooh is almost the definition of gloomy and we therefore assume sad. But gloomy is projecting the attitude that nothing good will come of anything and certainly I have known sad people who did not project that. The problem with words is synonyms often differenciate themselves with subtle shades of meaning both in general and in different countries or regions. This makes it very difficult for Duo to distinguish correct synonyms because of the lack of context so that the most direct general translations are best. Sad - triste, lonely - solitario, gloomy - melancólico.
That's not a stupid question at all! One of the great things about learning a language is that you learn new things about your own in the process. Anyways, I think the reason Duo counted you wrong for putting depressed is because depressed is often used as more of a word for somebody who is always sad, or possibly has an illness connected to being sad all the time. If you were to say sad, that would be more in the connotation of just being sad for the moment, like a normal feeling or expression. You could use sad if you found out that you didn't make a team you wanted- you're sad now, but you'll get over it. If you suffered multiple losses lately and your outlook on life was changing for the worse for a very long time, you could then use depressed because it's more of a permanent characteristic. However, depressed is becoming more and more often used in the same sense as sad is. Whether that's because of a change of meaning, a common saying, or just people being overdramatic, at this point I think Duo should accept "depressed," but have a box at the bottom with another translation. ¡Buena suerte!
If it were with "estar" I'd say it would be wrong, because the state of being sad is not necessarily the same as the state of being depressed.
However, this DL sentence with "ser" is talking about the characteristic of being a sad person, and perhaps chronic sadness does equal depression?
But that's a psychology question. Based on language alone "triste" is best translated as "sad" while "depressed" would best be translated from "deprimido."
The simplest answer has nothing to do with whether sad and depressed are the same thing. The word triste means sad. The word deprimido/a means depressed. So you are not translating what was said by changing the word. I think many people would disagree that sad and depressed are the same thing, and that may well not be the intended meaning of this sentence.