Does anyone have advice on how to get past Pronouns 2, Lesson 2?
I've been trying to get through this lesson on-and-off for weeks, but I can't get through it without my head being friend. I still have no idea how to properly use "aucun" and "auxquel" and I don't know how to distinguish "cella" from "celle-la".
I feel like this is the failure in Duolingo's system to properly convey grammar, so can anyone help?
Here is what I have in my notes for this lesson:
http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/pronouns_indefinite.htm "indefinite pronouns"
http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/pronouns_negative.htm "negative pronouns"
http://french.about.com/od/vocabulary/a/nimportequoi.htm "N'importe quoi"
aucun no, not any, none
autres others, different, somewhere else
auxquels whom, that, which
auxquelles f. plural
ça that (more casually than cela)
cela that more colloquially, ça.
celui the one, that, the m.
celle the one, that, the f.
celles f. plural
ceux m. plural
celle-là that one (there) f.
Celui-ci this one (here) Pourquoi celui-ci ? why this one?
celui-là that one (there) m.
ce que that
chacun each (one), everyone
dont including, of whom (objets) "whose", "of which" (êtres animés) "whose"
en one "en" is a pronoun replacing a word or a group of words mentioned before, to avoid repetition and it corresponds to "one"
Il mange n'importe quoi. He eats anything.
N'importe quoi ! nonsense, Whatever!, rubbish, anything http://french.about.com/od/vocabulary/a/nimportequoi.htm
mien mine usually 'le mien'?
(le) nôtre ours 'nous avons le nôtre'
à peu près about, around, more or less espression
Quelqu'un somebody, someone m.
quelques-uns a few, some
sauf except, but, save, excluding
supérieur superior, upper, top
tiens yours, belonging to you
tienne yours, belonging to you verb tenir to hold, keep, have
tous all (see below)
"Tout" has four possible forms:<pre>
masculine: singular "tout" plural "tous" feminine: singular "toute" plural "toutes"</pre>
"Tout" can be a noun, an adjective, a pronoun, or an adverb.<pre>
noun: "le tout" (invariable) adjective: "tout" (masc. sg), "toute" (fem. sg), "tous" (masc. pl), "toutes" (fem. pl) pronoun: "tous" (masc. pl), "toutes" (fem. pl), "tout" (invariable) adverb: "tout" (masc. sg), "toute" (fem. sg), "toutes" (fem. pl)</pre>
Difference in pronunciation:<pre>
"tout": the final "t" is not pronounced "tous": the final "s" is pronounced (right now it is not pronounced, because there is an audio problem in our system that we will fix as soon as possible).</pre>