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https://www.duolingo.com/chihuahuazero

Does anyone have advice on how to get past Pronouns 2, Lesson 2?

I've been trying to get through this lesson on-and-off for weeks, but I can't get through it without my head being friend. I still have no idea how to properly use "aucun" and "auxquel" and I don't know how to distinguish "cella" from "celle-la".

I feel like this is the failure in Duolingo's system to properly convey grammar, so can anyone help?

4 years ago

1 Comment


https://www.duolingo.com/Bill-Roca

Here is what I have in my notes for this lesson:

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/pronouns_indefinite.htm "indefinite pronouns"

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/pronouns_negative.htm "negative pronouns"

http://french.about.com/od/vocabulary/a/nimportequoi.htm "N'importe quoi"

aucun no, not any, none

aucune f.

autres others, different, somewhere else

auxquels whom, that, which

auxquelles f. plural

ça that (more casually than cela)

ceci this

cela that more colloquially, ça.

celui the one, that, the m.

celle the one, that, the f.

celles f. plural

ceux m. plural

celle-là that one (there) f.

Celui-ci this one (here) Pourquoi celui-ci ? why this one?

celui-là that one (there) m.

ce que that

chacun each (one), everyone

dont including, of whom (objets) "whose", "of which" (êtres animés) "whose"

en one "en" is a pronoun replacing a word or a group of words mentioned before, to avoid repetition and it corresponds to "one"

Il mange n'importe quoi. He eats anything.

N'importe quoi ! nonsense, Whatever!, rubbish, anything http://french.about.com/od/vocabulary/a/nimportequoi.htm

mien mine usually 'le mien'?

(le) nôtre ours 'nous avons le nôtre'

à peu près about, around, more or less espression

Quelqu'un somebody, someone m.

quelques-uns a few, some

sauf except, but, save, excluding

supérieur superior, upper, top

tiens yours, belonging to you

tienne yours, belonging to you verb tenir to hold, keep, have

tous all (see below)

tout

toute

toutes

"Tout" has four possible forms:

<pre>masculine: singular "tout" plural "tous" feminine: singular "toute" plural "toutes" </pre>

"Tout" can be a noun, an adjective, a pronoun, or an adverb.

<pre>noun: "le tout" (invariable) adjective: "tout" (masc. sg), "toute" (fem. sg), "tous" (masc. pl), "toutes" (fem. pl) pronoun: "tous" (masc. pl), "toutes" (fem. pl), "tout" (invariable) adverb: "tout" (masc. sg), "toute" (fem. sg), "toutes" (fem. pl) </pre>

Difference in pronunciation:

<pre>"tout": the final "t" is not pronounced "tous": the final "s" is pronounced (right now it is not pronounced, because there is an audio problem in our system that we will fix as soon as possible). </pre>
4 years ago