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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/demoksaputra

The Classifiers: Buah, Orang and Ekor

The Indonesian language has a fairly large number of classifiers to count objects based on their characteristics. Among the many classifiers for items, the most common one is buah, literally ‘fruit’.

If you count cars, for instance, then you can use the classifier:

  • Sebuah mobil 'a car, one car'.
  • Dua buah mobil 'two cars' etc.

The classifiers can come handy to singularize a word. The sentence "Ada mobil di depan rumah kita", can mean "There is a car in front of our house", or "There are cars in front of our house" because every noun in the Indonesian language can be singular or plural.

In order to singularize the word you can say "Ada sebuah mobil di depan rumah kita" - "There is a car in front of our house".

The classifier buah can be used with many objects. Even objects that should carry a different classifier such as batang (used for stick-like objects), biji (used for very small round objects), helai (used for flat soft items), or keping (used for flat rigid items) can often take the classifier buah.

Animals are counted by ekor - 'tail':

  • Seekor kucing - 'a cat', dua ekor anjing - 'two dogs',
  • And people by orang: seorang perempuan - 'a woman', dua orang perempuan - 'two women' etc.

Examples:

  • batang = sebatang lilin = a candle stick

  • buah = sebuah apel = an apple

  • butir = sebutir telur = an egg

  • cangkir = secangkir teh = a cup of tea

  • ekor = seekor kambing = a goat

  • gelas = segelas air = a glass of water

  • helai = sehelai rambut = one strand of hair

  • ikat = seikat bunga = a bunch of flowers

  • kejap = sekejap mata = in a blink of an eye

  • lembar = selembar kertas = one piece of paper

  • mangkuk = semangkuk sup = a bowl of soup

  • orang = seorang wanita = a woman

  • pasang = sepasang sepatu = a pair of shoes

  • piring = sepiring makanan = a plate of food

  • potong = sepotong kue = a slice of cake

  • sendok = sesendok makan = one table spoon

  • siung = sesiung bawang putih = a clove of garlic

  • suap = sesuap nasi = a mouthful of rice

  • tangkai = setangkai bunga = a flower

  • titik = setitik darah = a drop of blood

Source : http://www.bahasakita.com/about/grammar/the-classifiers-buah-orang-and-ekor/

July 24, 2014

65 Komentar


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/theo99999

Indonesian version (mind you, this is a course for Indonesian learning English)

Bahasa Indonesia memiliki banyak kata satuan (classifiers), salah satu yang paling sering ditemui adalah "buah".

Misalkan Anda sedang menghitung mobil, Anda bisa menggunakan kata satuan "sebuah" (sebuah mobil, dua buah mobil, dll.)

Kata satuan ini memudahkan Anda untuk mementukan jumlah barang. Contohnya, "Ada mobil di depan rumah kita" bisa berarti 1 mobil, 2 mobil, atau lebih. (kata objek di bahasa Indonesia tidak mengenal singular ataupun plural)

Untuk mementukan jumlah, Anda bisa memberi kata satuan, contohnya, "Ada sebuah mobil di depan rumah kita" (There is a car in front of our house)

Kata "buah" dapat dipakai di berbagai macam benda, bahkan beberapa benda yang mempunyai kata satuan lain (misalkan batang, biji, helai, keping, dll.) seringkali dapat digantikan dengan kata "buah".

Hewan mempunyai kata satuan ekor (lit. tail) - dua ekor anjing / two dogs, and people by orang (lit. human) - seorang perempuan /a woman, dll.

Contoh

batang = sebatang lilin = a candle stick

buah = sebuah apel = an apple

cangkir = secangkir teh = a cup of tea

ekor = seekor kambing = a goat

gelas = segelas air = a glass of water

helai = sehelai rambut = one piece of hair

ikat = seikat bunga = a bunch of flowers

kejap = sekejap mata = in a blink of an eye

lembar = selembar kertas = one piece of paper

mangkuk = semangkuk sup = a bowl of soup

orang = seorang wanita = a woman

pasang = sepasang sepatu = a pair of shoes

piring = sepiring makanan = a plate of food

potong = sepotong kue = a slice of cake

sendok = sesendok makan = one table spoon

siung = sesiung bawang putih = a clove of garlic

suap = sesuap nasi = a mouthful of rice

tangkai = setangkai bunga = a flower

titik = setitik darah = a drop of blood


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/abesast

Hai, boleh koreksi sedikit? Sehelai rambut akan lebih baik jika diterjemahkan menjadi ' a [single] strand of hair'. Kata di dalam kurung siku boleh digunakan atau tidak, arbitrary :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/meenyo

classifier dalam ilmu bahasa lebih dikenal dengan kata bantu bilangan :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gea123gea

baik! terima kasih!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anjyu

Hai, semuanya! Kenalkan, saya orang Jepang. Saya belum pernah ke Indonesia. Tapi saya ingin belajar bahasa Indonesia. :) Terima kasih banyak! :D

Hi, everyone! Nice to meet you. I'm Japanese. I've never been to Indonesia. But I want to learn Indonesian. :) But there is no school of Indonesian in this neighbourhood. Therefore, I'm currently studying Indonesian on my own. Maybe, Indonesian is easier than English for Japanese people. But 'the Classifiers' of Indonesian are too difficult for me! So, this discussion was really helpful. Thank you so much! :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/abrahamzetz

Hai Anjyu, senang sekali kamu mau belajar bahasa Indonesia. Sedikit tips, classifiers dalam bahasa sehari-hari terkadang tidak diucapkan, tidak seperti bahasa Mandarin yang mutlak harus mengandung 'classifier', jadi kalau bingung bisa bilang "dua mobil". Perlu diingat itu tidak formal, tapi semua orang pasti mengerti.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lintaarchie

It's really nice knowing a foreigner trying to learn Indonesian. Semoga berhasil, Anjyu!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carolustheo

teman aku sekolah di sekolah indonesia di jepang.. kalo tidak salah di daerah Osaka. Sepertinya sekolah untuk anak diplomat Konsulat Jenderal Indonesia di Jepang. Mungkin kamu bisa belajar di sana. (my friend studied in indonesian school in Japan. if i recall, it's in Osaka. A school for children of Indonesian diplomats, you may study bahasa Indonesia there)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/fakhriyyafauzan

Semoga berhasil, Anjyu san! :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CheesyBacons

Arigatou Anjyu for learning Bahasa Indonesia. You make me proud of my own language :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yukikayo

Semoga berhasil >_< :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FerdyTaraw

bahasa indonesia kamu sudah cukup bagus kok. Good luck Anjyu!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Piaalexa22

Hai anjyu,semoga bisa ke indonesia.

Hi anjyu,i hope you can come at indonesia


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/shiryuu88

Halo, Anjyu. Selamat belajar bahasa Indonesia.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuSSdiey

semoga berhasil, selamat belajar :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RetadhaRumi

Halo Anjyu, Semangat Belajar bahasa indonesianya :) . Semoga cepat berhasil


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Alfajri122999

hallo.., saya fajrin asal sumatera selatan.,:) belajar bahasa indonesia itu tidak sulit kog.., pesan saya: " if you want to learn something, you must start from the most simple.."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Tommy_19xx

wow, you rocks.i don't even like my own language :D (sorry) anyway, enjoy learning indonesian,wish you the very best


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/claybird121

I'm a Texan trying to learn Bahasa, and things like this make it much easier. Terima kasih!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/claybird121

Also, it seems many english speakers have a hard time learning the prefixes and suffixes, like "ber" and "kah". A chart for those would help me improve my bahasa quickly.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/seelian

A bit different with us. xD

sejambak bunga

secawan teh

sekejap/sekelip mata

sehelai kertas

sepinggan/sepiring makanan


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/meenyo

Kita masih memakai "secawan" atau "secangkir", sepinggan sudah termasuk kata kuno dibandingkan sepiring


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carolustheo

malaysian? there is an indonesian airport named Sepinggan Airport... i just laughed at the last example


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DUODELETED129

do you want to be friend me ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Arvidan

Keren diskusinya. Kadang hal-hal sepele seperti ini luput untuk diajarkan pada pemula. Sangat membantu!

{Awesome discussion. Sometimes trivial stuffs like those are missing to be taught to beginner. It's very helpful!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/.Isti

It was really helpful:)


Pelajari Bahasa Inggris dalam 5 menit saja sehari. Gratis.