does the "like" always come after the verb that is liked, as in this sentence?
It can be placed there, but you can usually also place it behind the noun. Ik eet rijst graag. Btw, if you say 'Ik eet rijst graag met kip.' it means that if you get rice, you prefer to eat it with chicken. 'Ik eet graag rijst met kip.' it means that you like the dish rice with chicken.
Could it be "Ik luister naar de vogels graag" like gern can go at the end in German?
"I listen with pleasure to the birds" is a bit literal, but still ok, no? I start to want to hoard my hearts in this section...
How can we know when to use "aan" or "naar" as "to"? (1. "Ik lees een boek aan haar voor." 2. "Ik luister graag naar de vogels.") Thanks.
It's pretty much random. If you think about it, why would it be "to" in English? It's just as random. You'll will find this in any language, the only thing you can do is just remember it for the next time I'm afraid.
Why 'I listen to the birds with pleasure.' but not 'I am listening to the birds with pleasure'