Anyone got French Tips to share?
Hi im doing French and so far I'm doing okay but i really need help. I don't know like when to use le or la, and same with un and une . I also dont know things like when to add an E at the end of a word. And how to tell the diffrence between masculine and feminine words. Anyone who helps might get a lingot and a friend.
Every noun in French is Masculine or Feminine. The masculine ones get un and le, the feminine ones get une and la. And the adjectives have to match as well. Read the tips for more.
How do you know which is which? You have to learn the gender with the noun - don't use "logic", don't use simplistic rules like "ending in an 'e'". Learn the two together - and read the tips (and sentence discussions).
when to use le or la
You use le with masculine nouns and la with feminine nouns
when to add an E at the end of a word
This works only for certain adjectives, for example, francais-francaise. You add the -e when the adjective is feminine.
And how to tell the diffrence between masculine and feminine words
You simply learn which words are masculine and which ones are feminine.
Feminine singular: la femme, une femme
Masculine singular: le livre, un livre
Noun that starts with a vowel or a mute h: l'homme, l'école
Un or une before the word, depending on if it is m. or f.
Un homme, une école.
Plural nouns: les femmes, les livres, les hommes. Des femmes, des livres, des hommes.
Memorize if a noun is m. or f. when you learn it. Read the grammar note before the lesson.
French course grammar notes (from the past course version): https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/29888394
Hello Queen Elsa, as Antonis and Hi said, some adjectives don't have an "e" added to them, even when the noun is feminine. Two of the adjectives like this that always have an e for everyone are: "calme" and "riche", and they are right at the start of the course, so it can be confusing to apply the rules, when you don't know there are words like this.
You use le and un for masculine nouns and la and une for feminine nouns. Most of the time a feminine noun ends in a e or ion(but there are some exceptions) and masculine nouns usually don't. If you want to make an adjective feminine you usually add an e. But there are exceptions to the things I said before and they only work most of the time. Also, read the tips; they help a lot. Good luck learning French! :)
"Sortir" is "to go out, to get out, to step out, to exit".
"Sortir de + place" is "to go out of, to get out of" a place
"Partir" is "to leave" and it never has a direct object.
"Partir de + place" is "to leave from"
"Partir pour + destination" is "to leave for, to go to"
To leave a place or a person is "quitter un endroit ou une personne".
any verb going with "nous" (we) will have "ons" in ending eg:nous preparons(we are making) and the ones going with plural will have 'ent' in the end.eg:(elles/ils preparent)-(they are making).this maybe u will find in the tips itself.but i faced a lot of difficulty keeping this in mind.had to reconcile every time.so as i write it here,i am also revising a bit for myself. :).au revoir,bonne nuit
https://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-french-verb-pr%C3%A9parer.html gives the other tenses as well. The pattern is common but there are exceptions - https://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-french-verb-%C3%AAtre.html
Actually, there are two types of h in french, h muet (mute h) and h aspiré (aspirate h ); historically they represented different sounds, then in old french one became silent, and in modern french both became silent, for example it is
le héro but j'habite
you have to remember which is which