Accusative Case in Latin
- Tu linguae Latinae studes. = You study Latin.
- Ego linguam Latinum disco. = I learn Latin.
I literelly can't decide when to use "linguam Latinum" and when to use "linguae Latinae". Would anyone please help me by delivering a clear distinction between these two forms. According to what I've studied earlier "linguae Latinae" doesn't seem to be the accusative case.
Again, 1. Puer litteris studet. = The boy studies literature. 2. Magistra Corinna litteras Latinas legit. = Teacher Corinna reads Latin literature.
Here in the first sentence the form of littera used as direct object is not from accusative case. It's rather from dative case. But why? Is there any standard rule to solve this puzzle. But in the second sentence it's in accusative case as it was ment to be. What esactly is the standard rule for the direct object in Latin?
Studere takes the dative, not accusative. https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/33825498/Ego-litteris-Latinis-studeo
For Latin cases, you can always google the word and Latin (like linguae latin) to find what case it's in.
Hmm. I'm not entirely sure of the answer myself, but my suspicion (and vague recollection from Latin at school) is that some verbs are inherently transitive (and therefore take the dative) even where that isn't apparent from syntax. For instance, the literal translation of "studere" might not be "to study" but "to conduct a study into", or the like.
To confirm that I'd need to consult my Latin grammar, but that's at my parents' house and I can't get it due to lockdown.
Unfortunately, I don't think there is an easily applicable rule; it might just be something that has to be learned verb by verb.
The accusative is the case of the direct object, you are right, but "studere" usually takes the dative case. Check a good dictionary (I.δ — as usual with Latin dictionaries, the headword for verbs is first person singular, present indicative active, not the present infinitive).. And you can check which case may be being used (if you don't have the forms memorized) here.