Translation:What is your job?
I think what job do you do should also be valid
What is your profession? should be valid
What type of work do you do should also be acceptable.
What do you do for work should be valid.
What do you work should also be acceptable
People really don't say, "What do you work." They say instead, "What kind of work do you do?"
But that adds a tiny bit and so is not a translation.
Why is it wrong to say: What job do you do?