'To recommend' would be 'aanbevelen'. 'Bevelen' is 'to command':
- Ik beveel hem de appel te eten: I command him to eat the apple.
- Ik beveel de appel aan: I recommend the apple.
And if I try to say "I recommend him to eat the apple", would that be "Ik beveel hem de appel te eten aan"??
"Aanbevelen" mostly comes with an object. To use it with an infinitive structure doesn't really sound very well. You could say "Ik raad hem aan de appel te eten". The separable verb 'aanraden' means about the same (the noun 'raad' means "advise" or "suggestion").
I was learning Dutch until this lesson. Seriously, I don't get it. The usually awesome notes are in Greek.
What about "tell you to"? I never wd use "order" outside a military context except as a joke....
I don't think "I tell you to" is consistent with ordering or commanding someone to do something.
Because you can tell someone to do something without it being an order. If I tell you to go to bed I know that you might not actually do it. But if I order you to go to bed, then I expect you to go to bed.
Maybe I'm wrong, though. I would like a native Dutch person to weigh in here.
Ga naar bed! -- "Go to bed!"
Ga maar naar bed. -- "Go on to bed."
maar softens the sharpness of an imperative statement (i.e. a command). In other words, adding maar after an imperative sort of turns a statement from a stern command to a less firm imperative statement.
Both examples I listed are arguably commands but the tone is much more sedated with the addition of maar after the verb.
On this "pick the words" lesson on Android all the words are smushed up at the bottom, making them hard to see and pick, while there's an extra unused blank line in the answer. (Reported with no room for explanation. It's been happening in a few lessons lately, since drag and drop was added IIRC.)