"The woman drinks the tea."
Translation:De vrouw drinkt de thee.
It depends, you cannot generalise this to the whole language, just because it is the case for two aspects of it.
It's not really a memorization, it is a feeling. If you make up a Dutch-sounding word, I could tell you if it would have de or het and -en or -s.
Learning Dutch, I have also started to get the grasp of the special requirement for such words. Will build on it en-route the learning.