1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Finnish
  4. >
  5. List of Finnish vocabulary (l…


List of Finnish vocabulary (lesson by lesson)


I am so happy to finally being able to start the Finnish course, since I wanted to learn this language for so long! Kiitos for the incredible team who made it (and who designed so kind and happy lessons) <3

But now it's our job to learn Finnish! So I suggest that we make the inventory of all the vocabulary displayed in the lessons - so that anyone can find them easily in this post when they want to revise ;-)

Last update: August 4, 2020 Voabulary available until: Lesson 1.5, Barbecue (included)

0.1 Hello!


  • terve: hello
  • kiitos: thank you, please
  • anteeksi: sorry, excuse me


  • terve: hello
  • minä: I (first person singular nominative)
  • sinä: you (second person singular nominative)
  • kuka: who?
  • minä olen/olen: I am - subject is optional
  • sinä olet/olet: you are [singular] -subject is optional


  • mukava: nice, comfortable, comfy

0.2 Good luck!


  • tervetuloa: welcome
  • jee: yay
  • onnea: good luck, congratulation
  • kippis: cheers
  • no: well (used as a filler word)


  • ja: and
  • paljon: a lot, a lot of


  • hauska: funny
  • hyvin: well

0.3 Basics 1


  • hän: he, she (third person singular)
  • hän on: s/he is - subject is obligatory
  • olla: to be


  • aina: always
  • todella: really

Nouns - Persons

  • nainen: a woman
  • mies: a man
  • lapsi: a child
  • velho: a wizard


  • kaunis: beautiful
  • komea: handsome

0.4 Basics 2

Finnish vocabulary

  • Suomi: Finland
  • suomalainen: finnish (adjective), Finn (person)
  • sisu: true grit (what keeps you doing what you have to do when you have used all your energy, usually considered as untranslatable)
  • sisukas: 'with sisu' (adjective of sisu)
  • sauna: a sauna (or a room slightly warmer than usual ;-)))
  • kantele: a Finnish string instrument with a distinctive jingling sound - see Tips for more information


  • hyvä: bravo, good (can also be used to encourage people, like: 'go!')
  • tämä: this (can be used before a noun and independently)
  • tämä on: this is

Nouns - Persons

  • ihminen: a person, a human being
  • ystävä: a friend
  • tyttö: a girl
  • poika: a boy
  • herra: Mr.
  • rouva: Ms.
  • presidentti: a president

Nouns - Other

  • maa: a land, a country
  • soitin: a music instrument
  • pöllö: an owl (can also be a last name)
  • pöllönen: a little owl (can also be a last name)
  • pöllölä: an owl place (can also be a last name)
  • pöllövaara: an owl fell/hill/danger (can also be a last name)


  • hyvä: good
  • ujo: shy
  • rehellinen: honest
  • hiljainen: quiet, silent

0.5 Pets 1


  • väärin: wrong, 'this is wrong' (cannot precede a noun)


  • se: it
  • yksi: one
  • minulla: 'mine' - first person singular in adessive
  • sinulla: 'yours' - second person singular in adessive
  • hänellä: 'his/hers' - third person singular in adessive
  • minulla on: 'I have' - literally 'is belonging to me'
  • sinulla on: 'you have' - literally 'is belonging to you'
  • hänellä on: 's/he has' - literally 'is belonging to him/her'
  • millainen: what kind of/what... like

Nouns - Pets

  • koira: a dog
  • kissa: a cat
  • pupu: a bunny
  • poni: a pony
  • hevonen: a horse
  • undulaatti: a parakeet
  • käärme: a snake
  • Musti: common name for a dog
  • Mirri: common name a cat
  • Polle: common name for a horse
  • Mansikki: common name for a cow

Adjectives - Colours

  • sininen: blue
  • vihreä: green
  • musta: black
  • valkoinen: white

Adjectives - Others

  • kiltti: good, nice, sweet
  • tuhma: bad, naughty
  • söpö: cute, adorable
  • pieni: small

0.6 The North


  • -ko: placed on the verb to change the sentence into a yes/no question
  • -lainen: placed on the name of a country to change it into a nationality


  • missä: (in) where?


  • Islanti: Iceland
  • islantilainen: Icelandic, Icelandic person
  • Viro: Estonia
  • virolainen: Estonian, Estonian person
  • Norja: Norway
  • norjalainen: Norwegian, Norwegian person
  • Ruotsi: Sweden
  • ruotsalainen: Swedish, Swede
  • Tanska: Denmark
  • tanskalainen: Danish, Dane
  • Venäjä: Russia
  • venäläinen: Russian, Russian person
  • pohjoinen: North, northern
  • viikinki: Viking
  • saamelainen: Sámi


  • nimi: a name
  • laulu: a song
  • bändi: a band (e.g. pop, rock)
  • kaupunki: a city
  • auto: a car
  • kännykkä: a cellphone
  • shamaani: a shaman


  • kylmä: cold
  • iso: big

Checkpoint 1

1.1 Family


  • me: we (first person plural nominative)
  • te: you (second person plural nominative)
  • he: they (human, third person plural nominative)
  • me olemme/olemme: we are - subject is optional
  • te olette/olette: you are [plural] -subject is optional
  • he ovat: they are - subject is obligatory

Grammar - Suffixes to conjugate verbs in present

These suffixes need to be added after having deleted the final vowel of the infinitive.

  • -n: (first person singular)
  • -t: (second person singular)
  • (vowel lengthening): (third person singular)
  • -mme: (first person plural)
  • -tte: (second person plural)
  • -(v + vowel + t): (third person plural)
  • -vat: (third person plural, when the verb has a, o or u in it)


  • perhe: a family
  • äiti: a mother
  • isä: a father
  • vauva: a baby
  • vaari: a grandpa
  • mummo: a grandma
  • pari: a couple
  • naimisissa: married
  • lemmikki: a pet


  • nyt: now
  • usein: often
  • nopeasti: fast, quickly
  • yhdessä: together


  • laulaa: to sing
  • tanssia: to dance
  • nauraa: to laugh
  • itkeä: to cry
  • kasvaa: to grow
  • seisoa: to stand
  • istua: to sit


  • lelu: a toy
  • nalle: a teddy


  • onnellinen: happy, content
  • iloinen: happy, cheerful, jolly
  • surullinen: sad
  • harvoin: seldom
  • nuori: young
  • yhdessä: together

1.2 Home 1


  • mutta: but
  • täma: this (closest demonstrative)
  • tuo: that (less close demonstrative)
  • meillä: 'ours' - first person plural in adessive
  • teillä: 'yours' - second person plural in adessive
  • heillä: 'theirs' - third person plural in adessive
  • meillä on: 'we have' - literally 'is belonging to us'
  • teillä on: 'you have' - literally 'is belonging to you'
  • heillä on: 'they has' - literally 'is belonging to them'


  • talo: a house
  • asunto: an apartment
  • koti: a home
  • huone: a room
  • veranta: a veranda, a porch
  • piha: a yard
  • kellari: a cellar, a basement

Home objects

  • pöytä: a table
  • sänky: a bed
  • sohva: a sofa, a couch
  • televisio: a television
  • radio: a radio


  • oma: own
  • lämmin: warm
  • suuri: large
  • uusi: new
  • vanha: old

1.3 Phrases 1


  • hei: hey, hi, bye
  • au: ouch
  • ei: no
  • kyllä: yes (used to answer offers/propositions or in military)
  • joo/juu: yes (used in other situations)
  • [repetition of the verb in the question]: yes (also commonly used in these other situations)
  • ole hyvä: 'here you are'
  • adessive + on kuuma/kylmä: 'to be hot/cold'


  • kahvi: a coffee
  • pulla/nisu: a pulla, a coffeebread (traditionnal Finnish sweet bread)


  • oikein: right, correct, 'this is right/correct' (cannot precede a noun)
  • valmis: ready
  • kuuma: hot
  • kylmä: cold

1.4 Language 1


  • miksi: why
  • niin: so, such
  • vai: or (exclusive)

Nouns - Language learning & school

  • opettaja: a teacher
  • kysymys: a question
  • vastaus: an answer
  • lause: a sentence
  • sana: a word
  • kieli: a language
  • murre: a dialect
  • aksentti: an accent

Language names

  • suomi: Finnish
  • unkari: Hungarian
  • viro: Estonian
  • englanti: English
  • espanja: Spanish
  • japani: Japanase
  • kiina: Chinese
  • korea: Korean
  • ranska: French
  • saksa: German


  • tärkeä: important
  • helppo: easy
  • vaikea: difficult
  • aasialainen: Asian

1.5 Barbecue


  • ne: they (non-human, third person plural nominative)


  • jo: already, yet
  • vielä: still, yet
  • tässä: right here (exactly where you are, or reachable at hand)
  • tuossa: right there (just beyond your reach)


  • adessive + on nälkä: to be hungry
  • adessive + on jano: to be thirsty

Nouns - Food

  • vesi: water
  • peruna: a potato
  • tomaatti: a tomato
  • salaatti: a salad, a lettuce
  • sipuli: an onion
  • pihvi: a steak, a patty
  • kala: a fish
  • makkara: a sausage
  • sitruuna: a lemon
  • omena: an apple
  • suola: salt
  • pippuri: pepper
  • mauste: spice
  • kastike: a sauce, a dressing
  • ketsuppi: ketchup
  • sinappi: mustard

Nouns - Dishes

  • lautanen: a plate
  • lasi: a glass
  • haarukka: a fork
  • veitsi: a knife
  • grilli: a grill


  • pyöreä: round
  • punainen: red
  • keltainen: yellow

I've just started the tree so far, so there are not many vocabulary for now, but don't hesitate to add the missing vocabulary or to correct me, and I'll edit my post regularly! :-)


June 25, 2020



One little thing that I noticed as a native speaker: no is not an adjective, it's an interjection.

No, minä se olin... Well, it was me...

No, kukas se siinä? Well, who do we have here?

No? Miten meni? Well? How did it go?

If you wonder what the adjective for well is, it's hyvin from hyvä (good) :)


Anteeksi, I was too quick for this one and put it in the wrong section! That's corrected now, thanks! And I also added hyvin ;-) Kiitos ja kippis!


Thank you so much! I haven’t been able to access the vocabulary yet, so this is extremely helpful for my Finnish learning!


Thank you! I hope to add some more vocabulary soon :D


Kiitos!! Sinä olet mukava!


Kiitos <3 Hyvä Suomi!!


Thank you for creating this great list.

Just an observation: you've changed a few things since you put it up (aside from adding new words) and therefor the Finnish word for dog 'koira' is no longer in it, while it suggests that Musti means a dog and Mirri means a cat even though those are simply names used in the course for the respective pets, which can be confusing for those that don't know.

Suggestion: why don't you change it to 'a dog named Musti'/'a cat named Mirri'.

Happy learning!


Hello, thanks for the re-reading, I didn't notice the disappearance of 'koira', so I put it again! I also specified that the pets names were only names (and not words for these pets). Kiitos paljon for your contribution and happy learning :DD


One more question, if you speak finnish: apparently "mirri" can also be a slang word, is that right? If so, I'll add it :-)


No. That has more to do with "mirri" also being a colloquial word for "cat" and the word you mention also being a now old-fashioned colloquial word for "cat". The euphemism does not work in Finnish as well, although due to the influence American culture has on Finnish, you can hear the word used like that every now and then. Could you edit your comment a bit? Most people no longer recognise that word as something referring to a cat and there are lots of very young people on these forums. Whatever you choose to do, please do not add it in the post.


Thanks for the explanation (and all your work on the finnish course <3)! However, 'Mirri' is used as a cat's name in the course, so is that okay for you if it appears with the following mention:

  • Mirri: common name a cat

? And also, do you think that I should correct anything else in my post? (I'm just a bit confused about what you think that I should do, that's why I prefer to ask! Just tell me ;-))


As far as I'm concerned, Mirri is a cat's name. It's the English word you used that is the problem not the Finnish one.

I think your post is amazing! I only noticed one small typo ("Iceland" should be Islanti) and I think you may have misunderstood my sauna joke, but other than that it's great. In fact, I'm collecting a list of resources for a post that I'll publish once the course reaches alpha in the distant future, and this post is on that list. :)


Okay! Actually I just wanted to know if I had to specify that Mirri could also be used as a vulgar word, but I'll let it like that then ;-) Thanks again for your remark!

As for the sauna, I thought that the joke may have become lexicalised in the language, but I'll precise that in the post! And correct the typo, of course. Todella kiitos! For all you did and are still doing <3


Thank you!



Aw, my bad! I corrected that mistake, thank you :D


Kiitos! This helps a lot


I'm happy to know that it is useful for you, thanks! :D


Lesson 0.3 (Basics 1) and Lesson 0.4 (Basics 2) have been added!


Lessons 0.5 (Pets 1) and 0.6 (The North) have been added! I'll try to add some more in the days incoming ;-)


I've just added lesson 1.1 (Family), I'm sorry for the delay! I hope to catch up in the week incoming :-)


Lessons 1.2 (Home 1) and 1.3 (Phrases 1) have been added! I almost caught up all the tips!


Lesson 1.4 (Language 1) had been added! I hope to add another lesson in the days incoming ;-)


Lesson 1.5 (Barbecue) is here! Now the difficult part is coming: lessons without tipps... But I'll do that for sure! :D


I just finished a lesson where one of the translations was “sinä olet velho”- “You are a wizard.”

Sinä olet velho, Harry.


Yes, I immediately tought about it! That made me laugh... And that's why I love to learn Finnish here: not only is the language beautiful, but the course design is also wholesome :D


I agree! Sinä olet velho Harry


Great list! Thank you!



Thank you also for this inspiration !

I am looking forward to also apply this concept to other courses.


Sinä olet todella mukava, kiitos! <3

I hope I will meet you soon on another language forum then :D


Looks good, thanks.


Thank you! I hope that helps :D


Hey! If you agree, I put your post as "course info" for Finnish in my self-made table of Duolingo courses. Thank you, keep learning and editing post! :D



Hey, of course you can! Thank you a lot, that's such an honor :o

  • 157

Thank you!


In Pets 1 , you have “polle” for horse. “Hevonen” is horse.


My bad, I didn't specify that "polle" was just a horse's name! I've changed it, and I also added "hevonen", thank you a lot for this remark, this is really useful! :D


Excellent. you've covered alll the lessons I've completed so far. Just a few paragraphs up you said "Table, be, sofa" etc were adjectives. Of course they are nouns. Otherwise it's perfect.


I just corrected that, kippis! :D


You use "kippis" the way the the British use "cheers" at the end of a conversation like "bye".

Is this the correct use of "kippis" of is it only used when making a toast? The Duo Finnish course seems to imply this by overusing it.


@Jeanne_et_Pharon, you did an amazing job!

I created a memrise course to help us review the Finnish Vocabulary (Duolingo).


I'd have done this mini vocabulary course on Tinycards, but unfortunately it will be discontinued.

Happy learning!


Hey, thank you for the feedback and your contribution! I'm sure this Memrise course will help a lot of Finnish learners :D



I'm loving the Memrise course (I'm certain Memrise and Duolingo are both essential to each other), but am sad that I've caught up with where you got to with adding words.

Would love to help add future topics if you need help!


Hey, thank you for the offer! I don't know if you were only adressing the Memrise course or not, but don't hesitate to post here the vocabulary of the chapters I haven't added yet, I could then edit my post for the others ;-)



Kind of either :-) I found that there is another Memrise course that was a little bit ahead at https://www.memrise.com/course/5752094/duolingo-finnish/ , so I used it until I caught up with it as well.

Starting again from where it leaves off:

17 (or 2.2)

glögi glögi

haluan I want

jotain something

juoda to drink

kerma cream

kuppi cup

leipä bread

lisää more

mitä what

nam yum

pala piece

pehmeä soft

pirtelö milkshake

sokeri sugar

syödä to eat

tee tee

tumma dark


So how many people have "created" this course on Memrise? Seems like one would be enough and from what I can see, neither of these is complete. Feels like people make half an effort and then lose interest.

I guess this is the problem with "unserious" language learners and wannabee polyglots.


And here is 18 (or 2.3):

eri another

etsiä to look for

haista to stink

juosta to run

karhu bear

ketkä who

kot kot cluck cluck

lehmä cow

likainen dirty

lintu bird

mur growl

murista to growl

muu moo

nämä these

nuo those

nuosemme ylös we get up

orava squirrel

painava heavy

pestä to wash

pöllö owl

potkaista to kick

pulassa in trouble

puraista to bite

ruskea brown

sanoa to say

siili hedgehog

titityy tititee (being changed to tweet tweet per discussion)

yrittää to try


19 (or 2.4):

aikaa time

asun/ko/prees to live

enemmän more

hauskaa to have fun

Italia Italy

käydä to visit

Lontoo London

nykyään nowadays

paikka/a place

Pariisi Paris

Praha Prague

Puola Poland

Rooma Rome

Sveitsi in Switzerland

tässä [in] this / [in] here

viettää to spend


20 (or 2.5)

ainakin at least

eläin animal

hamsteri hamster

hevonen horse

jolla which has

kahdeksan eight

kaksi two

kenellä Who has

koiranpentu puppy

kolme three

kuusi six

kymmenen ten

montako how many

neljä four

nätti pretty

ommistaa to own

pentu kitten / puppy

pörröinen fluffy

seitsemän seven

sika pig

sillä [to] it (adessive)

täydellinen perfect

vihainen angry

viisi five

villi wild

yhdeksän nine

ystävällinen friendly


21 / 2.6

Argentiina Argentina

ei no / not

eivät They (negative)

eksyä to get lost

emme We [negative]

en I [negative]

enää any more

et negative

hindi Hindi

koskaan ever / never

koti-ikävä homesick

osaa to be able to

Skandinavia Scandinavia

turisti tourist

vaan but [instead]

vaikka although


22 / 2.7

ahma wolverine

australia Australia

egypti Egypt

elän I live in

ilves lynx

haistella to sniff

hymyillä to smile

jää ice

järvi lake

kameli camel

kasvi plant

kävellä he / she / it is walking

kenguru kangaroo

keskellä in the middle

kivi rock / stone

koala koala

koko whole / entire

krokotiili crocodile

kukka flower

kuulla to hear

marja berry

metsä forest

myrkyllinen poisonous

piilo hiding

pois away / off

poro reindeer

puro stream

puu wood

yleensä usually


Wow, thank you a lot for your help! I will add this properly in the topic in the days incoming <3


Thank you for the encouragement! :D


Superb work! Thanks!


You're very welcome, I'm glad it can help!


Hello native Finnish speakers, I was wondering... A native speaker told me that in spoken Finnish mä (or other dialect forms) instead of minä are often used. Do you sometimes still use minä in casual conversation?


Thanks a lot!!

Learn Finnish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.