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  5. "suomi, viro ja unkari"

"suomi, viro ja unkari"

Translation:Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian

June 27, 2020



suomi, viro, ja unkari = Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian

Suomi, Viro, ja Unkari = Finland, Estonia, and Hungary

suomalainen, virolainen, ja unkarilainen = a Finn, an Estonian, and a Hungarian/Magyar


Also suomalainen, virolainen ja unkarilainen = Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian (but as adjectives, not languages)


Hopefully soon we’ll see all these languages on Duo!


Yes, all three languages related. But sadly hungarian is not to be understood by finns or estonians at all....


They (Finnish and Hungarian) are related but it's like to say that English and Polish are related because they are both Indo-European languages. It doesn't mean they share enough to be even a little bit mutually understandable.


As my sister the linguist likes to put it, Hungarian is related to Finnish like English is related to Sanskrit. Yes, both things are true, and no, neither fact is particularly useful.


Yes. Except Polish is a slavic language... But your point is clear.


Slavic languages (Polish, Russian, Serbo-croatian, etc.) and Germanic languages (English, German, Swedish, etc,) are two of the many subfamilies of Indo-European languages. So, they are related but it's a very old relation (older than written language) and they changed so much that except for a few words (like "two/dwa") you have to study linguistics to understand the similarities.

In a similar way, Finnish and Estonian belong to one subfamily of Uralic languages and Hungarian to another and they split a very long time ago (probably between 4 and 5 thousand years ago).


Finno Ugric: Finnish :: Indo European: English

Fennic:Finnish::Germanic : English Ugric:Hungarian::Germanic:English::Slavic:Polish


Finno-Ugric- Fennic - Finnish Finno-Ugric - Ugric - Hungarian Indo European- Slavic - Polish Indo -European-Indo -Aryan - Sanskrit


Related the same way you are related to an ancestor born 3000 years ago. The DNA is there but that's about it.


...are the three most spoken languages in the Uralic language family, which also includes various languages in Siberia and the Ural Mountains.


just in case you were wondering, these 3 (suomi, eesti and magyar in their native tongues) are also the ONLY non Indo-european languages in Europe that are official on a national level. and that is it, no other.

P.s. non nerds/ geeks, please stop reading.

Also, note that i did not include 1. Turkish, since only 14% of turks live in europe, 2. Maltese, because its an island geographically equidistant from Africa and Europe, and not part of continental europe historically, same argument for turkish in Cyprus (its closer to Asia) and Greenlandic (although part of Denmark, it is technically in North America). Basque, Saami and other small languages, as mentioned, aren't official on a national level. let me know if i have missed any, but i find it's a nice bit of trivia hidden in the lesson.


Georgian (Kartuli ena) is a non-IE language (Kartvelian), and it's the official language of Georgia which is in Europe.

Azeri is a Turkic (i.e. non-IE) language, though one can argue that Azerbaijan is in Asia and not Europe. Armenian is an IE language.

Also, several non-IE languages spoken in Russia are official on a sub-national level.

What the three languages (Finnish, Estonian, and Hungarian) do have in common is of course that they are the major Uralic languages.


Caucasus mountain ridge is commonly considered to be the boundary between Europe and Asia. If we accept this line, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia belong to Asia, as these three countries are located to the south of the Caucasus ridge. Nevertheless, Christianity is the main religion in Georgia and Armenia, so culturally they could be considered as a part of Europe.


Raconteur mentions why Finns and Estonians can feel linguistic kinship with Hungarians even though the languages are only distantly related. If you meet abroad a person from your own country, you can feel as if they were an acquaintance, when all the others are foreigners. In the same way, while the Finno-Ugric people are so few, we can feel that we belong together, although a look at the languages may cause disappointment: where is the similarity?


Lower case means the LANGUAGES. Upper case means the ACTUAL COUNTRIES. Read the tips before you start the lessons they give more information into the grammar.


Where are the tips??


Right here -> https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fi/language_1/tips-and-notes

Under "Nations, nationalities, and their languages."


App doesn't have tips


The three horsemen of the linguapocalypse...


Tricked by the lower case! Damn! :D


Why not Finland, Estonia and Hungary?


Because of the lower keys.


Except that as an audio question, the only way you can determine that it's about languages is that it's in the language segment. ;)


During the period between the world wars there was more of co-operation and mutual national sentiment between Finland, Estonia and Hungary. The three countries held culture conferences, there were meetings of theologians, etc. A "heimopäivä" (tribal day) was celebrated annually in October. Finnish school books had pictures of three brisk boys in national colors of Finland, Estonia and Hungary. Nationalism was a strong feeling in the newly independent countries. As the doors to the Eastern linguistic relatives became closed with the Bolshevik revolution, ties were strenthened between those cousins who had the opportunity to meet each other.

When communism collapsed in Hungary, and especially with the singing revolution of Estonia, sentiment of Finno-Ugric brotherhood was again kindled in Finland. Perestroika and glasnost in Gorbachev's period turned interest even to the ethnic groups that speak Finno-Ugric languages in Russia. Now, the growing authoritarian rule of Putin in Russia, and limitations of democracy in Hungary have had an impact to cool off the feelings of Finno-Ugric togetherness.


Why is , "The finnish language, the estonian language and hungarian language" not accepted. In other previous questions, we have to translate suomi as the finnish language.


Kolme Uralin kieli !


Kolme uralilaista kieltä. In Finnish you have to use the singular partitive case (uralilaista + kieltä) with numbers other than one. Partitive is the most difficult case in Finnish to grasp and to use. Because these languages are no more spoken in the Ural mountains, we say rather "uralilainen kieli" (Uralic language) than "Uralin kieli".


By the way, Kjarvinen, do you have Finnish roots, and are you learning the language of your ancestors?


Finland, Estonia and Hungary


If they were written with capital letters in Finnish, then yes. But here they're all lower case, thus meaning the languages.


"Finland, Estonia and Hungary" is not wrong.


Then, it should be "Suomi, Viro ja Unkari" with capital letters.

(Duolingo doesn't care for capital letters in the answer but you should still pay attention to them, or the lack of them, in the question.)


I made the same mistake. Note the lack of capital letters.


It is wrong, as the question is about languages (lowercase), not countries (uppercase)


Except when you get it as a "tap/write what you hear" question, in which case "Finland, Estonia, and Hungary" must be accepted, because last I checked, there's no aural difference between F and f.


You have to make it more understandable. Right now it is just Finland, Estonia and Hungary. There is no sign that they are languages .If you want to say languages, it is suomen kieli, viron kieli ja unkarin kieli. Not just a word suomi, viro ja unkari. Just how I understand it. If nationality then - suomalainen, virolainen ja unkarilainen.


No, it is very simple - countries are written with a capital letter (Suomi), languages with small letter (suomi). That's how it is. Always.

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