I just started the Jobs skill not but 10 minutes ago, and I realized I'm going to need something that'll show me the female variations of occupations (huh, that rhymed).
Does any one recommend a site? I would like a link to something that'll tell me what you would say instead of, for example, "schrijver" when referring to a female. (I know Duolingo provides this one, but it was just an example.)
Dank je wel!
I have notes written on nouns that are changed to cater to feminine things such as jobs etc, these are from the book Dutch in 3 Months:
Nouns can be adjusted from masculine nouns into feminine nouns, usually when indicating an occupation of someone, their nationality and animals. There are five different types of suffixes that can be adjusted into a feminine noun.
1 –IN SUFFIX (PLURAL: -NEN). The suffix is ALWAYS stressed:
BOER (Farmer) > BOERIN (Farmer’s Wife)
LEEUW (Lion) > LEEUWIN (Lioness)
RUS (Russian Man) > RUSSIN (Russian Woman)
KONING (King) > KONINGIN (Queen)
2 –ES SUFFIX (PLURAL: -SEN). Again, the suffix is stressed:
LERAAR (Male Teacher) > LERARES (Female Teacher)
PRINS (Prince) > PRINSES (Princess)
3 -ESSE SUFFIX (PLURAL: -N). Always stressed. Please note that this suffix replaces the masculine suffix/ending –IS of a masculine noun:
SECRETARIS (Male Secretary) > SECRETARESSE (Female Secretary)
BIBLIOTHEKARIS (Male Librarian) > BIBLIOTHEKARESSE (Female Librarian)
4 –E SUFFIX (PLURAL: -N OR –S). This suffix is unstressed:
STUDENT (Student) > STUDENTE (Female Student)
TELEFONIST (Male Telephonist) > TELEFONISTE (Female Telephonist)
For many nationalities, an unstressed –E is added to the adjective of the nationality:
ENGELS (English) > ENGELSE (English Woman)
NEDERLANDS (Dutch) > NEDERLANDSE (Dutch Woman)
5 –STER (PLURAL: -S). Unstressed suffix. This ending is usually added to the stem of a verb:
SCHRIJF (Write) > SCHRIJFSTER (Authoress / Female Author)
VERPLEEG (To Nurse) > VERPLEEGSTER (Female Nurse)
Hope that helps.
A quick search for a list of jobs only resulted in this. I'm not sure if this is exactly what you're looking for (and if your Dutch skills are good enough to understand it). It actually is a really good website with Dutch language advice. The page I link to also is an advice, in this case on the usage of feminine versions for job names.
Eh, that's not exactly it. I'm not sure if a website like that even exists. I'm just used to having something that tells me both the masculine and feminine versions of occupations, as the German <-> English dictionary I use includes that as well as genders and plural forms. Like if I were to type in "doctor" or "Arzt" it would say both "Arzt" and "Ärztin," as well as "Ärzte" and "Ärztinnen." I'm not sure of how to find the feminine form of occupations like this for Dutch.