"They are rich."
Translation:Ils sont riches.
"ils" or "elles" are both valid translations of "they" and the adjective does not change.
"They are rich" may be either "ils sont riches" or "elles sont riches". Both are correct and both are accepted.
I have written ils sont riches and it was not accepted. Why is that please?
Me too i wrote ils sont riche and it said the correct one is elles sont riche
it has to be "riches" because it's plural, but I put "ils sont riches" and it was correct.
I agree! There's nothing to suggest masculine or feminine in the English sentence. I actually used Ce sont because of that. It's terribly confusing and I don't feel that Duolingo is adequately explaining why things are wrong.
"Ce sont" is not a way to escape the use of a gendered pronoun but a stylistic convention used when the verb "être" is followed by a modified noun:
- They are soldiers = Ce sont des soldats : the noun "soldats" is modified by the article "des".
This sentence does not have a modified noun, so "they are rich" translates to "ils sont riches" or "elles sont riches", both being accepted by the system.
"Riche" is the basic form in masculine and it is also "riche" in feminine. When the subject is in plural, you just add an ending -s.
Please read the Tips & Notes shown in this link: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Gallicism%3Ail-elle-OR-c-ce/tips-and-notes
This needs to be in a higher/more prominent place on this thread- a great help!
Because "riches" is an adjective and "ce sont" replaces "ils/elles sont" before a modified noun.
I didn't read the entire post correctly, it says to select ALL correct answers! I've been used to just selecting one! Explains why I have beeen getting it wrong!
I understand that since the subject - "ils/elles" is plural that the adjective has to have an s "rouges." In English this would actually mean something completely different to add an S to the adjective, because it would become plural . It would mean "they are reds," which could refer to various shades of red. How does French deal with this? What if you wanted to say "they are reds?"
So here is the confusion. We didn't read the directions. The question asks for all correct answers. To get it correct, you must choose both "Ils" and "Elles"
The reason is that "c'est" (singular) and "ce sont" (plural) are used when followed by a modified noun. That is a noun preceded by any kind of determinant, including: le, la, les, des, mon, ma, ton, ta, son, sa, notre, nos, votre, vos, leur, leurs. If the term following "est" or "sont" is an adjective, use il, elle, ils, elles. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Gallicism%3Ail-elle-OR-c-ce/tips-and-notes
Is this not past tense ?!!!?? Is sont not etre conjugated in the passe compose ???
In the absence of a verb in past participle "sont" is not an auxiliary, but the verb "être".
It is exactly the same in English, by the way.
- Ils sont riches = they are rich
- Ils sont devenus riches = they have become rich
I accept the explanation of lls for masculine subjects, ells for feminine and lls when the subjects are mixed. When is it appropriate to use Ce?
"Ils sont" changes to "ce sont" when followed by a plural modified noun, not when there is an adjective.
- they are rich men = ce sont des hommes riches
- they are rich = ils/elles sont riches
In which cases I have to use "des" I know that in plural? but I don't know more. Help me please
"Des" is the plural of "un" or "une". So you have to use it when the noun is countable and its singular in English would have a/an.
- J'ai un chien = I have dog
- J'ai des chiens = I have dogs (more than one).
"Ils" or "elles" is replaced with "ce" if and only if the verb "sont" is followed by a modified noun (determiner + noun).
"riches" is an adjective, so you must keep the personal pronouns.
Why some people saying " elles sont riches" is right? Its a mistake in my side