Hi Juha. I wrote -The printer needs fixing-. (As Stiofan also suggests). It was rejected. The issue in the sentence is that we have encountered korjata as an active verb: insinööri korjaa etc. In this sentence korjata is a passive verb, as is also expressed very simply in -needs fixing- or as suggested -needs to be fixed-. In some other languages there is a special form for the passive of a verb (Swedish, Russian). I am a bit surprised that korjata can be both active and passive. Perhaps this is common in Finnish. Any comment?
The Finnish passive indeed is yet another suffix to a verb (here's more about it). It's -an/-än and in the spoken language it is very common to hear that being used with the 2nd person plural instead of -mme. E.g. 'korjata' becomes 'korjataan':
- Tulostin korjataan. = The printer will be fixed.
- Tulostinta korjataan. = The printer is being fixed.
This "pitää korjata" (or "täytyä", "täytyy korjata") then, I've actually never even thought about it but that actually never takes any personal suffix which is such a mindblown as a native Finn. I mean, if I want to say "I need to fix a/the printer.", I say "Minun pitää/täytyy korjata tulostin." - the pronoun is in the genitive case but the verbs 'pitää' and 'täytyä' are basically in 3rd person singular but "pitää" here only means "have to/must" instead of "to like", aka it does not get declinated at all; and 'korjata' is always in infinitive. The object is in nominative because it's again the typical Finnish accusative.
Here's more about 'pitää', 'täytyä' and 'on pakko' because my brains are slowly turning upside down from all this grammar stuff and I'm afraid I'll start to tell wrong info if I keep going :D
Hi MCR+, Thanks a lot for your extensive and fast response. It is interesting to read you are struggling a bit with the Finnish when you start thinking about it. You are not the only Finn who experiences that. I checked pitää in a dictionary: there is a minefield of possible translations. At this stage I know again as much about Finnish as I ever did before, but your comment confirms I am only very much at the beginning of the language. In this sentence it would be more logical (my opinion) to have: tulostin pitää korkjataan. Clearly this is not what the Finns say. Your references are very informative!