This sentence works differently in English and Dutch. With gaan you have to add some specifics (probably because gaan is also used to make a future tense). The only exception, where you can use gaan without accompanying words is in the meaning of going away. Some examples:
- Ik ga = Ik ga er vandoor = Ik ga weg = I'm going away/I'm leaving
- Ik ga niet = I'm not going away/I'm not going to whatever is specified before
- ik ga er niet heen = I'm not going to whatever is specified before
- Ik eet = I eat
- Ik ga eten = I am going to eat
- Ik ga daar eten = I'm going to eat there
- Ik ga daar (this is an incomplete sentence, some additional word has to follow)
- Ik ga daar naartoe = Ik ga daar heen = I go there
Yes, it would be nice if this were included in the initial tips.
I hope @Susande or any of the other moderators acts on this.
Hey, I have a question, why do you write sometimes "if this were", wouldn't it be like "if this was"? Sorry, I'm not a native English speaker and this is a little confusing to me
"Were" is the subjunctive. It is used to "express[...] a circumstance which is desired, demanded, recommended, necessary, or similar." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_subjunctive In this case, it refers to something that is contrary to fact (NOT in the intial tips) that is desired ("it would be nice..."). Subjunctive forms are often the same as indicative forms in modern English so people are not always aware of the distinction, and the mood is falling out of use.
Sure would be nice if the tip actually offered a tip as to the purpose of 'naartoe' in this sentence.
"naartoe" means "to" or "towards". You cannot have only "daar", because it specifies a place, not a direction.
I'd like to see a lot more tips in this course. Something like Susande's explanation above would be perfect for this question.
For the people who have made the same mistake as I did, which mistaken “everyday" with "every day", here is what I learned:
everyday is one single word and it is only an [adjective], so it should only be used before the nouns. Before, I thought it could also be an [adverb], but that is WRONG.
every day, on the other hand, is equal to "each day", thus can be used as an [adverb].
In Duolingo sometimes the miss of a space is allowed, but I am now in line with the spirit of this question: the difference is fundamental
Is there a difference between using "naartoe" and "naar...toe". Like "Ik ga naar de kerk toe." Thank you.
Why would 'hij gaat daar elke dag' be incorrect? I understand that 'naartoe' indicates a kind of 'to there' function, so would this sentence without 'naartoe' just be 'he goes everyday' or something?
I don't know if I'm correct, but for me "hij gaat daar elke dag" unnatural. The word "naartoe" really makes the sentence complete.
If you don't conclude with naartoe, people will be expecting that the sentence isn't finished. The specific sentence we are discussing doesn't lend itself well to an example so here is what this sounds like in English:
He goes every day to
Difference here is that in Dutch, it sounds weird and confusing when you leave out a different word versus in English.
Hope this helps!
In short, because dag is not neuter gender it requires the inflected form of the "determiner" elk (or of the "adjective" elk, depending upon which grammar model you prefer). Thus it is elk jaar but elke dag.