"Why is English such a difficult language?"
Translation:Miksi englanti on niin vaikea kieli?
Actually, I have to say that I don´t find English grammar to be particularly complex, if compared with neo-Latin languages or Finnish, indeed.
I don´t understand if your comment was ironic, but it seems obvious to me that the English language is widely spoken and it´s, of course, the chosen international language. Otherwise, we would not be writing in English here now that there is not even any English-speaking country in the EU.
I think that if there's any doubt, your irony meter requires calibration!
Off-topic: English grammar IS, for the most part, simplified with respect to most other Indo-European languages. Linguist John McWhorter believes, with good reason, that this is because it has spread so widely and been taken up in adulthood as a second language alongside their native tongues by hordes of L2 speakers, who due to their inexpert grasp of the language have worn away a lot of the irregularities that typify other related languages. (He uses Persian (Farsi) as another example of a language that was "sanded down" in antiquity due to lots of adult L2 learners.)
Our spelling is difficult, even for native speakers, but in most other respects Modern English is considered a fairly easy language to learn.
Chinese is very simple and very easy to learn. Its syntax is plain. There are no conjugations or declensions, no gender -- she, he, it are all the same in the spoken language --and the characters are much easier to learn more, thanks to instant character lookup, not to mention the simplified characters used in the mainland. You don't even need to remember how to write the characters, just recognize them. That leaves the four tones, in Mandarin. But these will come naturally enough, over time, to be understood. A large portion of the population gets the tones wrong because their "dialect" has more and different tones.
The most neutral word order is subject followed by predicate. The order doesn't change:
"Englanti on niin vaikea kieli."
"Miksi englanti on niin vaikea kieli?"
"Viro on kaunis kieli."
"Millainen kieli viro on?"
In a yes/no question you can attach the -ko/kö question suffix to the verb, which causes it to move to the front to be the question word.
"Onko englanti niin vaikea kieli?"
"Onko viro kaunis kieli?"
However, you can, absolutely, move the predicate in a sentence, but then you easily end up sounding like a poet since the word order is no longer neutral. "Miksi on englanti niin vaikea kieli?" sounds odd, but also like the asker is being very melodramatic (why, oh why is it so difficult!).
Thank you for your thorough answer! It really does sound logical that the word order does not change. I think my confusion was partly caused by the fact that I am a native Estonian speaker and the sentence sounds normal both ways in Estonian [Miks on inglise keel nii keeruline (keel) vs Miks inglise keel on nii keeruline (keel)]. Thank you again for your time to answer!
Yoda: "Miksi niin vaikea englanti on kieli?"
(You could put it even that way, but then it sounds even more odd, unless it's Yoda speaking)
"Miksi vaikea niin on englanti kieli" That's a poetical version. :)
Finnish is sometimes fun. You can play with it a lot and sound very odd, but it may still be correct.
Your version isn't very odd. Everyone would understand it easily.
As a Finn, I would not say english is a difficult language. I think it's probably one of the easiest languages in the whole world and for sure the easiest language I've ever studied. For example the asian languages are lot harder cause they have they don't use the same letters as people in the western countries. My son is 10 and he can already speak some english pretty well
Indeed English is not the most difficult language in the world. But you should not consider different alphabets when you classify a language as difficult or easy. For someone that does not know the Latin alphabet, English may seem difficult just because it's in another alphabet.
The other languages are still a lot harder cause they have a lot more signs than in latin alphabets. In English there is only 25 alphabets, even in many other European languages there is a lot more alphabets, like in Spanish or France for example. And the English grammar is a lot easier than Finnish for example, which is actually considered one of the hardest languages in the world. Besides English I've also studied Germany, Swedish and Spanish. Swedish was easy to learn, cause the grammar is similar to English, I would say it's even easier than English. But Germany is real hard, they have this really long words with lot of consonants.
... and Finnish has really long words with lots of vowels. German long words are generally compounds, so you can often figure things out. But recent language updates produced some weird stuff here, "for clarification": like Schifffahrt (journey in a ship) lots of f-ing about there.
I can take the complexities of finnish, compared to the genders, articles and word order nightmares of German (at this still easy stage anyhow.)