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"Anna and Leo want to visit Finland."

Translation:Anna ja Leo haluavat käydä Suomessa.

July 12, 2020



Why does Suomessa get this case (inessive, I believe)? Is the "in" implied but not translated?


Käydä, when it's about visiting a place, uses the inessive case: "käydä jossakin". Käydä Suomessa; talossa (a house); vessassa (a toilet); metsässä (a forest)... even "käydä kaupassa" which literally means "to visit a shop" but we usually mean "to go grocery shopping" by that.

("Jossakin" is the inessive case of "jokin" = something -> somewhere. Käydä jossakin = to visit somewhere.)


The sentence we are translating does not say "Anna and Leo want to visit in Finland." Maybe explaining why this differs in English would help me learn when to add an "in" in Finnish even if it wouldn't be there in a direct English translation - like here... confusing.


The web version of the course has Tips & Notes for explaining things like these. Unfortunately Duolingo does not give courses made by volunteers the chance to add those to the app version. (Feel free to pester them about that. We'd love to have that opportunity. :P ) Not all the skills have Tips yet, not even in the web version, but this particular skill does. There is also a fan page held by a volunteer called duome. You can find all the Tips that have been added so far on one page there, if you do not want to use the web version of the course. :)


It's due to rektiot, or verb rections. Certain verbs require specific case endings for their objects. Käydä is one of them. It requires inessive case (and occasionally adessive for a few locations).


It's just how the language works. We always have the idea of being in that place when we say "visit" in Finnish. I will visit Finland. – Käyn Suomessa. I'll visit Anna. – Käyn Annan luona. ("Luona" is in the same case as "kotona – at home" so literally it is "at Anna's place.") Käydä has also other meanings than "to visit."

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