1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Latin
  4. >
  5. Latin Tips & Notes w/Macrons:…


Latin Tips & Notes w/Macrons: Plurals

Hello everyone! I'm planning on starting to learn Latin soon and I've been going through the course piece by piece on the incubator, researching where to/to not put macrons by using Wiktionary.

I also want to make it clear that I am not making these posts out of spite to the team, as a fellow contributor I understand the ins and outs of making a course. This is simply something I'm going through with my notes using the incubator before I go onto doing the actual Duolingo course itself and I decided I might copy and paste adding in the macrons to help people like me. I am very proud of the work the team has done and I wish them all the best in the future!

Plural Nouns

Nominative plurals:

Declension Singular Plural
1st fīlia fīliae
2nd (masc.) fīlius fīliī
2nd (neut.) dōnum dōna
3rd soror sorōrēs
3rd frāter fratrēs

Note that the stem of 3rd declension nouns can change.

  • words ending in -er generally turn into -r
  • examples are māter -> mātrēs, pater -> patrēs

Plural verbs

Subject Esse (to be) Habitare
ego sum habitō
es habitā-s
is, ea est habita-t
nōs sumus habitā-mus
vōs estis habitā-tis
iī, eae sunt habita-nt

Second conjugation (-ēre, -eō)

Studēre/studeō (to study) is a verb that follows the second conjugation. You can recognize these verbs by the -e- at the end of the verb stem.

Subject Studere Habere (to have)
ego stude-ō habe-ō
studē-s habē-s
is, ea stude-t habe-t
nōs studē-mus habē-mus
vōs studē-tis habē-tis
iī, eae stude-nt habe-nt

Fourth conjugation (-īre, -iō)

Dormīre/dormiō (to sleep) is a verb that follows the fourth conjugation. You can recognize these verbs by the -i- at the end of the verb stem.

Subject Dormīre
ego dormi-ō
is, ea dormi-t
nōs dormī-mus
vōs dormī-tis
iī, eae dormi-u-nt

New Vocabulary

Latin English Additional Info
duo two duo, duae, duo (plural)
trēs three trēs, trēs, tria (plural)
quattuor four indeclinable
quīnque five indeclinable
quot how many indeclinable


Previous Skill

Next Skill

July 13, 2020

1 Comment


Great! Can you just fix the -ō of 1st sing. dormiō.

This is a lot of work that you've done here!

Learn Latin in just 5 minutes a day. For free.