"S'il est trop bavard, tu devrais le lui dire."
Translation:If he is too talkative, you should tell him.
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Actually, "le" replaces the whole first part of the sentence, here. It would be equivalent to "that" if the translation were "you should tell him that". Without "le", the sentence would be perfectly understandable but slightly less elegant, because the thing that should be told would be implicit.
types out "you should tell him" that sounds right, but duolingo can be quite exacting with grammar, sometimes. i'll write "you should tell him about it" to be safe :) submits it, gets it wrong, loses last heart, and gets told the only thing wrong with my answer was that i added "about it" welp
but duolingo can be quite exacting with grammar, sometimes.
Therefore you should have realised that "you should tell him about it" would be "tu devrais lui en parler".
But Duolingo's grammar is sloppy here. The "le" should be translated as "so" or "that". (But unless things have changed, neither is accepted.)
thanks for the correction, i'm honestly still struggling with understanding when to use en/lui/leur and when to use le/la/les, and i'm not sure if duolingo explained it earlier and i just missed it. i was thinking en/lui/leur is kinda like à + le/la/les for sentence objects, but it seems to depend on which verb is used and i don't know what the rule (if any) is there
but when you lose your last heart and can't continue learning french for a day because of a "mistake" they perceived in how you write your own native language, it's a bit frustrating :/
Hopefully, you understand the difference between Direct Objects (directly acted upon by the verb) and Indirect Objects (not directly acted upon by the verb) because it becomes important here.
There are three types of Object pronouns:
- Personal pronouns: je, te, se, nous, vous
- Direct Object pronouns: le, la, les
- Indirect Object pronouns: lui, leur, en, y
"en" and "y" form their own sub-type, because they are also Adverbial Pronouns.
Personal pronouns can be used as either Direct or Indirect Objects. They can also be used as Reflexive pronouns. In that role they are usually Direct Objects, but can sometimes be Indirect Objects.
Direct Object Pronouns, as you can probably guess, can only be used for Direct Objects, and Indirect Object pronouns can only be used for Indirect Objects.
Here, the Direct Object of "to tell", the thing which is to be told, is the entire primary clause, which for the sake of brevity we abbreviate to "it" or "that".
The person to whom it would be told is the Indirect Object (not directly acted upon by the verb "to tell"). An Indirect Object can usually be identified by the presence of a preposition, in this case an implied "to".
Whereas a Direct Object will only have an identifier, like an article, or possibly be a standalone pronoun, like "me", "you" or "it".
So in this case we have two object pronouns:
"it" (the primary clause) => "le" because it is Direct
and "to him/her" => "lui" because it is Indirect.
In English, verbs like "to tell" and "to give" are particularly difficult because the preposition which identifies the Indirect Object can be omitted and implied. With most Indirect Objects the issue is identifying the correct preposition.
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