Latin Tips & Notes w/Macrons: Parents
Hello everyone! I'm planning on starting to learn Latin soon and I've been going through the course piece by piece on the incubator, researching where to/to not put macrons by using Wiktionary and Teach Yourselfʻs Complete Latin.
I also want to make it clear that I am not making these posts out of spite to the team, as a fellow contributor I understand the ins and outs of making a course. This is simply something I'm going through with my notes using the incubator before I go onto doing the actual Duolingo course itself and I decided I might copy and paste adding in the macrons to help people like me. I am very proud of the work the team has done and I wish them all the best in the future!
Third Declension (Nouns)
It is time to properly introduce the third declension! You already know quite a few words that follow the third declension. Masculine and feminine nouns follow the same pattern, while neuter nouns are declined differently.
|acc. sg.||patrem||sorōrem||nōmen (=)|
|acc. pl.||patrēs||sorōrēs||nōmina (=)|
A rule of thumb: accusative neuter words are always the same as their nominative equivalent.
Third Declension (Adjectives)
Many adjectives of the third declension end in -is. These adjectives will get (-is, -is, -e) as additional information in the vocabulary lists.
|SENĪLIS||Masculine sg.||Feminine sg.||Neuter sg.|
|SENILIS||Masculine pl.||Feminine pl.||Neuter pl.|
|paterfamiliās||paterfamilias*||3rd, masc.||patr- familiās|
|servō||I save, rescue||(servāre, 1st conj.)||serva-|
|sacrificō||I sacrifice||(sacrificāre, 1st conj.)||sacrifica-|
|sevērus||strict||-us, -a, -um||sevēr-|
|benignus||kind||-us, -a, -um||benign-|
|pius||dutiful||-us, -a, -um||pi-|
|senīlis||aged, senīle||-is, -is, -e||senil-|
- The paterfamiliās was the head of a Roman household. This was usually the oldest man in the family. "Pater familiās" literally means "father of the family".