What is the difference between "su" and "sopra?"
"su" is "on", usually with contacts. "Sopra" means "over", usually with no contact.
So "il sale è sulla [su+la] tavola" but "la lampada è sopra la tavola" :-)
So, what about a previous sentence " il gatto mangia sopra il tavolo " Is the cat levitating?
I think that "su" means "on" and "sopra" means "above" ^^
That makes sense
But a cat cannot eat ABOVE the table!
I find it helps to think of sopra like "soprano" a voice above other ranges.
Thank you! At last, something to help me remember this!
How would you as an Italian interpret this sentence? a) a light bulb is hanging above the table or b) a flashlight is resting on the table
sopra means that there is no contact (=over), therefore: "the light is over the table".
su implies contact (=on).
By the way, neither 'light bulb' nor 'flashlight' are correct translations for Luce :-)
i thought "table"was feminine, so the sentence would be " ....sopra la tavola" , not il tavolo. I don't know if this is an error or whether my sentence is wrong. Help!
table can be feminine or masculine depending on what you want to say. check these two comments for clarification http://duolingo.com/#/comment/224654 and http://duolingo.com/#/comment/109126
Tavolo refers strictly to the piece of furniture.
Tavola is link to the concept of meal, food, etc...
Actually you book "un tavolo" at the restaurant. It would sound very odd to book "la tavola" :-)
You darn right! I have to edit my comment :/