"I have a plate."
Translation:Io ho un piatto.
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Ho is the first person singular = I have. Ha is the third person singular = He/She/It has.
It's well-worth learning all the present tense conjugations of "Avere" because it is such a common verb, Ho, Hai, Ha, Abbiamo, Avete, Hanno by heart. That is: I have, you (singular) have, he/she/it has, we have, you (all) have, they have.
That's trully a tricky question for speakers of non-latin languages. The (very) brief and general rule is: 1. nouns finishing with -a > singular feminine 2. nouns finishing with -o > singular masculine 3. nouns finishing with -e > by far the messiest! Mainly plural femine, but also singular masculine and femine 4. nouns finishing with -i > plural masculine 5. nouns finishing with -u > very few words ends in -u and they can be both masculine and feminine. I wouldn't worry much with those.
Remember that there are plenty of exceptions! Even between latin idioms there is no concensus on objects gender (e.g. just to name one, in portuguese and spanish 'table' is feminine -- a/la mesa -- and in italian it is masculine -- il tavolo). So take it easy, focus on common words and "piano piano" those articles will come into place. :-D