1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Finnish
  4. >
  5. Avoinna ja suljettu?


Avoinna ja suljettu?

I've just learnt the words auki and kiinni (again, I learnt them a long time ago) but I previously came across the words avoinna and suljettu, and the phrase menevät kiinni.

Are they interchangeable? or is there a difference in meaning/grammar?

July 27, 2020



avoinna and suljettu are the words you'll most likely see, for example, on a sign dangling on the cornershop door, or on a mall website telling you when you can shop there. Those are the "official" words for "open" and "close". auki and kiinni are less formal. :)


Good to know, thanks!


To add to Zzzzz...'s point: In principle, suljettu means the place has been closed (by someone) and won't reopen, whereas kiinni doesn't say anything about the future (and also not about someone having done something -- in another context it could be something having become stuck to something, for example).

In practice, don't expect even native speakers to follow this rule...


is suljettu the past tense - just as you were saying it's something completed already. It's been closed. Whereas avoinna (not sure what form the ending "na " means) is in the present. Is it saying it's "now open".

I don't suppose you'd get these 2 words together on a sign.


You're on to something: suljettu is not only an adjective but apparently also the past passive participle of the verb sulkea (to close).

Avoinna, on the other hand, is an adverb that originates from avoimena, the essive (answering As what?) of avoin (open).

Here you have a nice poster using both: https://taitokeskipohjanmaa.fi/taitokeskus-sievi-kesan-aukioloajat-avoinna-3-6-20-6-suljettu-21-6-14/.

Learn Finnish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.