Ihr, ihre, eure, euch, ihr, dein (e,er,en)
How do you determine which of these is appropriate to use? (when and where?) Also, distinguishing the sounds in dictation (to identify the correct word as some sound similar to me?) don't several mean "your"
Step 1: open in any verb the box conjugate and you will find the Nominativ of personal pronouns: you, plural = ihr. Step 2: look up the paradigma of the personal pronouns and you will find: euch, and ihr. (euch is Dativ and Akkusativ of you plural), (ihr is Dativ feminine). Finally look up the possessive pronouns and you will find Ihr (your formal), ihre (her , their with an ending) eure (your, plural) ihr (her, their masc and neuter Nominativ and neuter Akkusativ), dein (you, singular). You threw together totally different word groups. Distinguish between personal pronouns and possessive pronouns. The latter have the extra complication of getting endings that are influenced by case and gender of the noun they belong to.
To siebolt - Thanks so much for the complete informative answer....of which I will take a screen shot for future reference. I really appreciate your response. ----Durlingo's sentence: The dog eats your strawberry. = Der Hund isst eure Erdbeere. Why could it not be: "Der Hund isst deine Erdbeere." what distinguishes which to use.....is it because the sentence is accusative?-----I also see: Er isst in ihrem Haus. So ihrem is dative as well as ihr (for her)? Also: Ich spiele mit ihrer Katze. I play with "her" cat. So far in dative I see ihr ihrem, ihrer .....Katze is feminine, Haus is neuter, could this be the difference? ihr in dative case changes with gender?
your strawberry >> eu(e)re Erbeere AND deine Erbeere. Two things: 1 note that "euere<>eure" are both right, but use the latter in DuoLingo. 2. English "your" is 2. person singular and plural > dein- (sing.) euer- (plural). "Er isst in ihrem Haus" Break it down: er = subject = Nominativ. "In ihrem Haus" Dativ because of "in". Haus is neuter > ending is -"em". "ihr-" possessive pronoun (her, or their). "He eats in her/their house." "Er spielt mit ihrer Katze". "her/their cat"= dativ because of "mit", Katze is feminine >> ending = "-er".
Many thanks, once again. Appreciate your responses and time...hopefully I will get the hang of this. This is totally my first contact with the German language. (Much more involved than Spanish apparently.) .....Der Student dankt dem Lehrer.