(Niet) hoeven is always negated and implies a lack of obligation, it translates to the English 'You don't have to' ('Je hoeft dat niet te doen' = 'You don't have to do that [but you can if you want to]').
Moeten can be used to express a positive obligation ('Je moet dat doen' = 'You must/have to do that') or an obligation not to do something ('Je moet dat niet doen' = 'You mustn't/aren't allowed to do that').
Very interesting your explanation,Raahiba. Especially the idea using 'hoeven' always with 'not'. I wouldn't remember me in Belgium saying 'het hoeft',being weird and uncorrect, but 'het hoeft NIET' sounds totally natural. At a matter of fact,'het hoeft' becomes ' het moet'= 'it must (+verb),'it has to...' Ciao, Raahiba!
To add to Luciak's response, as a non-native who had to learn all this consciously (hence all the grammatical terminology):
In a standard statement the conjugated verb (here: hoeft) usually comes second after the subject pronoun (here: je or jij), followed by the direct object or reflexive pronoun (here: je), even if the reflexive pronoun doesn't refer to the conjugated verb (here, it's part of zich schamen, not hoeven). So the order is:
'jij(1) hoeft(2) je(3) niet(4) te schamen(5)'.
(Je is the unstressed form of jij as well as being the reflexive pronoun, so in the example I've used the subject pronoun jij to distinguish between the two.)
When the pronoun and conjugated verb are inverted, for example in a question or following an adverb, the reflexive pronoun (je) follows the subject pronoun (jij): 'hoef(1) jij(2) je(3) niet(4) te schamen(5)?'
In a bijzin (subordinate clause), the conjugated verb moves towards the end of the clause, so in that case the reflexive pronoun would come before it: 'Je moet je best doen, zodat(1) jij(2) je(3) niet(4) hoeft(5) te schamen(6)'.
Hope that's not too convoluted. I've got good at it by listening hard and using it (both correctly and incorrectly - you learn from it either way) as much as possible myself for two years.
Thank you Raahiba for explaining this because the word order is a difficult matter for the Dutch language learners (not for me, being a native). Your efforts to understand this language have been enormous. Congratulaions Rahibaa for the results. Ik wens je het allerbeste! Lu
Hi Tambon. "ZICH SCHAMEN": Ik schaam ME (I am ashamed) "ZICH VERGISSEN": Ik vergis ME (I am mistaken) .But as a question: Schaam ik ME? Vergis ik ME? Obviously, it becomes more complicated with 'composed' words, as iemand UITLACHEN ( to laugh at somebody): "IK lach HAAR uit" or iemand EER aan DOEN (to honour somebody) "Ik doe HEM eer aan. You need to practice these things, I think. If there are rules, I don't know them, because I know how to speak correctly being a Dutch native speaker. Perhaps moderators can help you more ( I guess they can!) I wish you all the best, Lu.
Mmmm, tricky one without knowing what your natuve language is....
sch- is composed of two distinct sounds, the s and the ch (which sounds like the g, kind of... Like a very hard h, or the Spanish j). So, you have to practise saying both sounds separately, and then one right after the other.
Btw, there's no k sound involved.
Hope this helps!