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  5. "Ik doe het raam open."

"Ik doe het raam open."

Translation:I open the window.

August 24, 2014



Any particular distinction between this and 'ik open het raam'? Or, for that matter, raam and venster?


No, opendoen and openen are interchangable. So are raam and vester, though you will hear raam more than venster, at least in The Netherlands, not so sure about Belgium.


Can we leave out the doe? Is ik open het raam acceptable?


Yes, that's pretty acceptable. Eventhough open doen is used more, at least here in the Northern Netherlands.


Venster is used in Flemish (you will hardly ever use raam - more of a Dutch thing)


Oh... for some reason I was under the impression that it was "Ik maak het raam open", or is that acceptable as well?


Yes, I think that could work as well.


The audio recording sounds like the "n" is left off "open." Is this standard pronunciation for this word?


It's very common for the unstressed "en" to have its "n" dropped. In words like open, leven, zeven, etc., (and even in names like Mertens) you'll quite often notice the "n" is dropped, thereby being pronounced as ope, leve, zeve, Mertes.


If "raam" is window, what is frame in dutch? We use raam for frame and venster for window


A window frame typically is called een (raam)kozijn


Cool, thanks, we use "(deur)kosyn" but it usually refers to the frame of a door


In Dutch you also have deurkozijn, so kozijn can be used for both the frame of a door and of a window.


In Afrikaans he means.


Thank you, I really had no clue.


Yeah, it's pretty interesting to learn where Afrikaans got its roots and how much it differs. El2theK has been of great help to me!


Very interesting - I suspect the Afrikaans usage in this case has kept the old Dutch form and the Dutch use of "raam" for window is a fairly recent development (in the past 100 years or so).


What is "doe", what does it mean, and is it part of a separable verb?


doe = 1st person singular of the verb doen = to do, to act

Used as an auxiliary verb here for the main verb open.


Opendoen is a separable verb.

Open is not a verb, the verb would be openen


So that means, i can't use 'open' as verb if used as first person?


In "Ik doe het raam open.", open is not a verb. It is part of the separable verb opendoen.

In "Ik open het raam.", open is a verb.


So can I understand the Dutch sentence as follows, '"doen" is being used as a verb, the act of opening, and "open" as an adjective describing the state of the window after I have opened it.


I suppose you could try to think of a separable verb that way, but it may sometimes lead you astray. Separable verbs are found in all Germanic languages, and really they function like prefixes in Slavic or some other features in other languages that are essential parts of verbs. Take the English verb "to make up," in this sense a synonym for "to imagine." If I make a new plan up based on the failure of the old one, is my plan now up in some way? Not really, especially since I could say I formulated a new plan or I imagined a new plan. I must admit that I often think of it the same way you do, though, when I am unfamiliar with the verb.


For me (a native English speaker) separable verbs largely fell into place in my mind when I recognized that we also have them in English but just rarely join them into one word.

Write down (a name), write up (a report), write off (a debt), knock off (work), hold up (an activity or a bank), look up (a phone number), fill in (your address), cross off (a list item), wind up (a clock or a business), figure out (a problem), pick up and drop off (a delivery), throw away (the garbage), fire up (an engine or a crowd), cut off (a conversation), give in (to an opponent), work out (a disagreement), show off (a skill), log on (a computer). But also underwrite (an insurance policy), overtake (a car on the highway), outspend (a market competitor), offload (cargo), overdub (a recording), etc.

There remains the tricky part in placement. And, by the way, that goes for English, too. You can "look it up," but you can't "look up it." Conversely, you can "get over it," but you can't "get it over." (I find it comforting to remind myself how difficult English is whenever I run into problems with another language.)


That makes no sense to me from the test exercise. Will someone please comment on KTo288's interpretation of the grammar in this sentence ?


Strange english ..I will open the window, I have opened the window, I opened the window ..I am not sure I would say ..I open the window ..I will, I have, need an action word in there ..not just I open the window ..just sayin..


I know what you mean. But it has its place.

Perhaps an answer to a question such as, "What do you do when a room (with one window) is too hot."


Generally, I would agree that, if I am currently opening the window, I would say it precisely like that, in the continuous aspect (?) as "I am opening." If I were talking about what I do generally or frequently, though, I would say "I open."


I will open the window = before, I have opened the window = after , I opened the window = same as I have opened the window, I open the window = while you are doing that


I am confused about this sentence.


Opendoen (ik doe ... open) is a separable verb, similar to what you can find in English when you say "I'll put these old clothes away.


i put the window open

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