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  5. "Tá leabhar aici agus tá nuac…

" leabhar aici agus nuachtán aige."

Translation:She has a book and he has a newspaper.

August 25, 2014



That was one seriously weird and confusing sentence.


It would help a lot if they would give us the pronunciation for these words as they are introduced instead of waiting to hear them in sentences.


Which pronunciation would that be? There is a wide variation in the pronunciation of many words between the different dialects in Irish. Unlike the grammar, there is no official standard (An Caighdeán Oifigiúil) for spoken Irish.


I would like them to give the pronunciation they are using when they ask us to translate from audio. It is very difficult to translate a word you've never heard before. Which has happened a few times in the irish course.


Ive done a lot more of spanish and it did that at the beginning of the course too, introduced new words without saying it. After the first castle i believe it starts giving way more tips and info plus pronounces everything except the ones you only supposed to write yourself. Just stick with it cause really its just repitition at the end of the day! Itll make more sense as time goes on.


I agree. I had no idea what those words were!


I came to the comments to say the exact same thing. Does anyone have advice for better understanding sentences written like this?


Learn the phonetics of the irish language ...or listen on youtube or something ...the thing is we are taught the phonetics very early like 4 in ireland also its suits our accents anyway ...so its rarely taught to adults anymore because we just intuitively 'know' even if we are not from the gaeltacht

Also it has got to be said she is speaking VERY VERY VERY VERY clearly. You would never get someone speaking that clearly in real life. And kerry they emphasize a diff syllabel and in galway they sort of use this glottal larnyx drop and roll the words into each other ...donegal don't get me started!


how come tá is in there for both clauses? It says tá means he, shouldn't it say 'He has a book and he has a newspaper'?


The hint says that tá ... aige is "he has". Irish doesn't have a verb for "have/has" - it uses the tá ... ag construction instead, which literally means "... is at". is the present tense for of the verb (giving us "is" in English).

Tá leabhar aici - "a book is at her" - "she has a book". aici comes from ag sí.
Tá nuachtán aige - "a newspaper is at him" - "he has a newspaper". aige comes from ag sé.

There is more detail in the Tips Notes for the Phrases skill.


Thank you! I have been confused by what appeared to be compounds. Recognizing them is not easy because Japanese (my second language) does not do this.


I get that aici and aige are different, is that the only way to tell them apart (the verb gender)?

  • 2478

Verbs don't have gender in Irish. And they don't have the verb "to have". Instead, they say "to be at one". So in English we say "she has a book" but in Irish they say "a book is at her". But Irish grammar is different, so it's more "is a book at her".

aici and aige are prepositional pronouns, a fusing of the preposition with the pronoun.


Where do I find this schedule of words? It looks like it will be very helpful!

  • 2478


But the page seems to be down right now.

  • 1560

There are lots of sites that provide tables of prepositional pronouns:

These are some of the examples that showed up in a quick search.


I keep hearing yowl for 'leabhar', could somebody please sound it out for me in simple terms?

  • 1560

You can hear leabhar pronounced in a number of different exercises on Duolingo:

Leabhar leabharlainne https://www.duolingo.com/comment/8504547
Léann tú an leabhar leis https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4288896
Léann sí as leabhar é https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23025621
Leabhar a mic https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4800542

You can also hear it pronounced as a standalone word on teanglann.ie:


How is leabhar generally pronounced? I understand there are typically 3 dialects, but played this one repeatedly because the sound didn't seem to match the word in any sense! I thought it was an error...! I hear it beginning with a y?

  • 1560

Leabhar is pronounced as it is spelled, with an l. Apparently some people can't hear that slender l as an l.

You can listen to a number of different phrases containing the word leabhar in each of the major dialects on teanglann.ie.


It looks like the possessive congnates of the verb aici/aige change the gender of Tá. Is that what is happening here because I constantly get these wrong.


??? is a verb - it doesn't have gender. aici and aige are prepositional pronouns, not verbs.

Irish doesn't have a verb for "to have" - it uses the tá .... ag construction instead. There's a little more detail in the Phrases skill

Tá X ag Y is literally "X is at Y", but what it means is "Y has X"

When Y isn't a proper Noun, like Sean or Maire, but is a pronoun like "you"/ or "he"/, you end up with "ag tú" becoming agat, "ag sé" becoming aige, and "ag sí" becoming aici.


It would be fantastic if the audio could be slowed down like in Russian.


I wrote "She has a book..." and Duolingo marked it as wrong, the correct translation being "She has got a book...". I am not an English native speaker so I may be missing some nuance, but don't those two translations mean exactly the same???

  • 2478

That's strange. Although there is nothing wrong with "She has got a book", and it is synonymous with "She has a book", "She has a book" is preferred in more formal/educational/professional/business settings.

Next time something like that happens, flag it and report "My answer should have been accepted."

  • 1560

It's a waste of time flagging and reporting "My answer should have been accepted" in this case, because the course DOES accept "she has a book" - just look at the sentence at the top of this page.

If you are getting unexpected behaviour in Duolingo, you have to bring it to the attention of the Duolingo engineers, by submitting a bug report, including a screenshot that demonstrates the issue and a detailed listing of the platform and version numbers involved. You're probably not going to be much more successful than you are reporting it to the Course Contributors, but at least it is technically possible for the Duolingo engineers to fix this kind of issue, something that the Course Contributors can't do.



Hearing "leabhar" be pronounced like "hour" out of the blue was really confusing. Even with the wordbank, I had wasn't sure.


Does "ta....aici" completely change the pronunciation of the word in the middle?

  • 1560


I don't hear any change in the pronunciation of leabhar in this exercise.


I cannot figure out the pronounciation of Leabhar for the life of me lol


How we say "leabhar?"

  • 2478

It rhymes with "shower".


With out being taught phonetics her pronunciation of leabhar was impossible for me to understand

  • 2478

Yeah, Irish spelling takes some getting used to. That's what happens when you adopt an alphabet that was not made for your language. It seems impenetrable to us, but the spelling rules are actually more regular than they are in English.

This video on YouTube should help:
Sounds and Spelling of Irish / Fuaimniú & Litriú na Gaeilge

Learn Irish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.