"The boy eats vegetables."
Translation:Itheann an buachaill glasraí.
Why is 'an buachaill' correct but 'na buachaill' incorrect? Is 'na' only for plural and 'an' for singular?
So, I wrote "itheann glasrai an buachaill" and I got it wrong. How important is word order? Would a speaker really have no idea what I was saying to them with this syntax? Thanks!
I think a native speaker would understand your intended meaning as well as an English speaker would understand if you said "the boy vegetables eat" because there's only one sensible interpretations. But that doesn't mean your answer isn't wrong: you said "vegetables eat the boy". Word order is pretty rigid.
Hahaha! Those are some dangerous vegetables! Thanks for the reply. I will make sure to pay attention to word order from now on :)
Word order is VSO. This sentence literally word for word is "Eats the boy vegetables"
That actually amswers a question ive been wonderinf for a while, thanks! Hopefully I can now get more questions correct on the first try. (Since both languages I speak use the Germanic grammatical structure, i was (am) not used to this)
If I've understood the Tips and Notes on word order correctly, Irish generally follows the order 'Verb - Subject (does the verb) - Object (has the verb done to it, in this sentence). So "Itheann glasraí an buachaill" would mean "Vegetables eat the boy!" (Mind you, I wouldn't put it past some of the Brussels sprouts we get here to try!) :-)
Is case determined by location in the sentence? Is 'buachaill' the subject because it immediately follows the verb?
I'm not exactly sure what you're asking, but I think yes.
Irish uses "Verb-Subject-Object". So the English "the boy (subject) eats (verb) veg (object)" goes to faux English "eats (verb) the boy (subject) veg (object)" or in Irish "itheann (verb) an buachaill (subject) glasraí (object)".
Not exactly. The subject is buachaill because the boy is DOING the verb--he's eating. Buachaill is after the verb because Irish follows the sentence pattern Verb-Subject-Object in most statements. Drinks cat milk. Eats dog meat. Read I newspaper.
Subject and object aren't technically "case". Case in the literature refers to different inflected forms, and the subject and object in Irish are therefore the same case. Irish ha
Of course I'm forgetting that like in English, Irish pronouns DO have a distinction between nominative and accusative case. But normal nouns don't.
Yes, Irish has a prepositional case (aka "dative"), and also a genitive case (two nouns together, like in English "bread knife" or "biscuit tin").
I had eclipsed boy (mbuachaill) and it said it was a typo. I thought in this instance boy should be eclipsed, am I wrong in this instance for some reason?
I think I see the problem: there are two common words spelt the same way: an
One of them is used to form questions in the present tense, and it eclipses the beginning of the following verb: an
n-ithann tú, an
dtuigeann tú, ...
The other is the definite article (the), and sometimes causes lenition, sometimes eclipsis, sometimes nothing. For the subject of the verb (like here), an lenites feminine nouns (an bhean) and adds a t- to masculine nouns that start with vowels (an t-úll). Since buachaill isn't feminine and doesn't start with a vowel, you should have just left it alone.
The preposition + definite article + noun construction is a whole different thing! If you want to say with the boy, you would say either leis an
mbuachaill or leis an
bhuachaill, depending on where you learnt your Irish. You can look up all the prepositions and see what they do to following nouns here
I hope that helps.
You need both of them. * An mbeidh an buachaill ansin? Will the boy be there? The first an (the one that forms the question) eclipses beidh (will be) and the second an (the) does nothing to buachaill*.
I seem to remember being taught the word for "boy" was "Gasúr". Is this wrong, or is it just a dialectal difference?
AFAIK, gasúr should be okay. I have a feeling that it might be a younger boy, but I'm not sure. Oops! Someone more knowledgeable did post, right while I was posting!