Both Tá mé and Táim are acceptable in standard Irish, the meaning is the same.
Maith = "good". Adding go in front makes it into the equivalent adverb: go maith = "well". (That's a simplification, but it might help to understand this sentence)
Is that the reason that road signs say “go mall” when you’re approaching a tight curve (or other reasons to slow down)?
In the US, our equivalent sign would say “slow”. The Irish sign puts the “go” in front to make “slow” into “slowly”?
In the US, our equivalent sign would say “slow”.
Note that “slow” can be either an adjective or an adverb.
This should really include "I am grand" the most irish phrase I could think of.
It's now accepting 'I'm grand', which is what I'd say naturally in conversation. Nice one.
So would the literal translation be something like "there is goodness at me"? Trying to understand how the multi-word sentences are being built. Thanks!
No, it just means "I am well": word by word it's "is I well" (taking go maith together to mean "well").
The "there is X at me" construction (tá X agam) is the Irish way of saying "I have X", and should always be translated as "I have X".
(I suppose that "there is goodness at me" would be the literal translation of "tá maith agam" ("I have goodness"), but I doubt anyone says that.
This is helpful, thanks. But if this is (ta X agam) construction, why isn't it written as "Ta go maith me"?
Irish is primarily a VSO (verb-subject-object) language. In the tá X agam construction, 'X', the possessee, is the subject (e.g., Tá hata agam = lit., 'A hat is at me' = 'I have a hat'). 'A hat' is the subject of that sentence. That is why the sentence here is Tá mé go maith, because the subject (mé) is in the second position.
"maith" is an adjective that means "good" and "go maith" is an expression that turns it into the adverb "well". "go" kind of reminds me of the ending we tack onto adjectives to turn them into adverbs "-ly" (except that it is put before the adjective), but by itself it is the preposition "until"and it is used with verbs ("go" comes after the verb) and other words to change their meanings; so, it is a bit hard to pin down. You really must learn each expression as an entity. http://www.irishdictionary.ie/dictionary?language=irish=english=go http://www.irishdictionary.ie/dictionary?language=irish=english=mor mór http://www.irishdictionary.ie/dictionary?language=irish=english=mall
(I suppose you could think of it as "you are good until something changes" Rather than be an innate characteristic - it has become something you feel at this time? so it becomes "well" No, that won't work with the next adjective that is turned into an adverb..) "mór" is "great, large" and "go mór" is "considerably"
Well, there are a lot of languages that I am not learning yet. You know I won't be able to learn every language out there, but I am getting really good at finding resources to help me along and Irish is surely one of my favorite more difficult challenges.
This is really the same as the Scottish Gaelic phrase: 'Tha (mi) gu math!' which means the same
Ha ! i thought I was beginning to understand the verbs. BUT !! Taim is I AM , no ? so why is it TA ME here ? or am I missing something ? or is it that TAIM is only when you conjugate the verb and when it has a complement it becomes TA ME ? thanks for you help. I like this language and I hope it will not disappear like so many others . Rumansh ( Rheto Roman of my country , Switzerland) for instance. Ni Tudaish ni Taliens, Rumansh vulaint restar. It is our fourth National and Official language but it represents less than 1% of the total population of the country
First, congratulations on learning so many languages! I’m jealous, yet equally proud for you. Heck, I’m a 49-year-old American who is still trying to get a good handle on English!
As to your question about “tá mé” and “táim”, the simple answer is that they both should be accepted. I’m still too new at Irish (just a few months into these lessons) to give a good technical reason for using one versus the other in certain situations, but in this context, both terms express the same thing.
I'm confused, why in the I form of to be does the verb and the pronoun just swap round, but in other forms the pronoun goes to the end of the phrase???
At least the verb goes first in both versions. Strange for the verb to be first to English speakers but at least that is consistent.
In a copula[^footnote], the pronoun goes to the end, even with the ‘I’ form (‘I am a man.’ = ‘Is fear me.’). But this is not a copula, so the pronoun won't go to the end in any form. (At least, that's how I read the explanation in the notes!)
[^footnote]: X is Y, where X and Y are both nouns; but here Y is an adjective (or an adverb or whatever it is).
My understanding as a layman to linguistics is that that "Ta" translates literally to have, but much in the way "have" has two meanings in English, "Ta" is also meant to serve as an equivalent to the linking verb "am" Is that correct?
Not exactly. Tá means only "is" (and "am" and "are"). It is used in the Irish way of saying "I have", but to have that meaning it must be combined with a personal preposition like agam (literally "at me").
So: Tá X agam (literally "X is at me") = "I have X" But: Tá mé sásta = I am happy.
Tá is used for saying "I am <ADJECTIVE>". If you want to say "I am <NOUN>", you need the copula is, which imposes a completely different sentence structure:
Is fear mé: "I'm a man" Is bean í: "she's a woman".
So would the difference between tá mé / táim esentially be I am / I'm ? Also, I think someone may have asked this already but if go and maith both mean good, why do we need both?
Táim isn't technically a contraction like "I'm", but the synthetic form of tá mé -- basically, use either one, because they are both correct. Go doesn't mean anything here -- it's the adverbial particle that turns the adjective maith (good) into an adverb (well).
Someone more qualified may correct me here but from what I know, 'maith' translates to 'good', whereas 'go maith' translates to 'well', as the term 'go' transforms the adjective 'good' into the adverb 'well'.
So the audio pronounces maith as 'ma.' I was taught that the pronunciation was 'moi' (as in the 'oi' in 'oil' or the 'oy' in 'boy'). I assume this is to do with dialect?
People who say táim say táim, and people who say tá mé say tá mé. Some people use táim sometimes and tá mé other times. Both forms are equally valid.
As Standard Irish prefers the "synthetic" -im forms for other present tense verbs, you'll do just fine sticking with táim.