This may be a silly question, but I'm wondering what the difference is between 'Táim' meaning I am, and 'Is ... mé' also meaning I am. :)
I see you're studying Spanish. The difference is akin to ser vs. estar. Generally, "ta" is used to describe something that's changeable ("I am happy"), and "is" is used as a copula to tell what something IS ("I am a teacher").
Thank you, we also have the ser and estar thing in Portuguese (my native language) so this helps.
Why isn't táim spaced like tá sé and tá sí? Is it because tá mé exists anyway?
It's kind of a contraction but not really. It is like most Indo-European languages there are personal forms of verbs. There were also for the other persons but in modern Irish only the 1st person singular and 1st person plural retain the personal forms, in which case no pronoun is needed. These were replaced by the forms endin in -ann -eann -ionn etc for the other personson on verbs other than ta/is (bheith) This is not possible in English because, even if we maintained the 'thou' form, all the plural forms are the same: am, art, is, are are are. If we say the first three without pronoun we know clearly what person (at least number-wise) the verb refers to. another example is to have (Old-English infinitive = habban): have, hast, hath/has, have, have, have) German conjugation of 'haben': habe, hast, hatt, haben, hat, haben. Here we see that the English lost endings in the plural: ic hæbbe þū hafas/hafast/hæfst, he/heo/hit hafaþ/hæfþ, we habbaþm. ge habbaþ, hio habbaþ (þ = th which corresponds to the t at the end of the other Germanic and Romance languages). And we see even then the plurals are the same in the Old English period. if there ever were different forms for the plurals it had to be during the archaic period
I from Ireland, the rest are correct, it is a contraction, however, you should not have to use it, in Donegal we always say 'Tá mé'
JasonMurra12, you will find that many Donegal forms are not accepted by Duolingo. Just keep reporting them.
Because it's present tense and you're talking about yourself.
Instead of saying 'Tá mé' we just shorten it to 'Táim'
In present tense, the first person singular and plural of verbs take a different form
This is way better than google translate. Goolgle translate makes it sound like the word, like i typed in hi for irsh, and it said hoi. Google translate is a rip off
Search up "hello through google translate" or any other song you like. Haha, they are so funny.
AFAIK tá mé is the most common, táim is used in the Munster dialect while tá mé is used in all the others.
As a native USA english speaker busily engaged in trying to learn a number of languages using these practice sessions without access to lessons other than the comments of other students, i find, so far, that Irish and Greek are equally most difficult. Recognizing spoken Irish is particularly confusing to me and a slowed version on DL audios would be most helpful. Good luck to all in your studies...
You should look up the spelling rules of Irish, it's actually pretty regular.
According to Wiktionary, [t̪ˠɑːmʲ]. So, that's a velarised dental t, a long "a" towards the back of the mouth and then a palatalised m.
Umm, sorry for asking, but what exactly does that mean? I'm in sixth grade, so my vocabulary isn't as large
it's ok, it's unknown business to most people :P
The velum is the soft part at the far back of the roof of your mouth, so a velar /t/ is a /t/ sound (as in 'masTer') pronounced with the middle or back of your tongue touching that part of your mouth, with the air flowing between it and your tongue. Now, the /t/ here is also dental, so you need to also put the tip of your tongue between your teeth, but not quite as much as the sound in 'THink'. It probably sounds very tricky to you :P but believe me, it's far from being the most important part of irish pronunciation.
The /ɑː/ is pronounced like 'awe'.
A palatalised /m/ is pronounced like there was a /j/ sound (as in 'YoYo') after it and fading with it. This sound isn't found in English at all, but I guess you can go with the sounds in the beginning of 'MEow' pronounced fast.
I hope this was helpful :P
yes it was very helpful! I get HOW to pronounce it, but my tongue is refusing to cooperate.
does anyone have adivice? i am confuseed by the way things are ordered in irish. also, anyone heard aislings song from the secret of kells or amhran na fairrage from song of the sea? these have sparked my interest.
So from what I've gathered so far, being also a beginner at this language (some of this is also in the Tips & Notes section for this skill).
Irish uses the word order of [verb] [subject] [object]. In case you don't know what those are, the verb is the action, the subject is the one doing the action, and the object is what the action is being done to.
There is distinct conjugation in Irish, meaning a different form of a verb based on who is doing it. It's much like the forms we have for "to be" (I AM, he IS, they ARE, you ARE, it IS). Some of the forms have weird exceptions (especially with the form for 'we' and 'I', from what I can tell), like 'táim', which means in and of itself "I am", but it's really in the order "Am I".
So think of sentences like this. "I eat an apple" = "Eat I an apple"
Hope this helps a little! I'm still getting used to it, too.
Have you tried holding down the 'regular' form of the letter you wish to accent? That works on most mobile devices, I am of current using a Samsung Galaxy j5. Hope that helps :)
No, being a woman isn't a state, it's a characteristic. The difference is more or less the same as that between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish.