"How am I?"
Translation:Conas atá mé?
Here you have two elements: a + tá . The 'a' is actually a particle used to introduce relative clauses, similar to the use of 'that' or 'which' in English. The tá is the verb as you know. Only tá joins directly onto 'a'; all other verbs are written separate from the 'a'. When tá combines with 'a', it does not use the synthetic forms, so you are obliged in that case to use the analytic forms - i.e. employ the relevant personal pronouns: atá + mé/tú/sé/sí/muid/sibh/siad